Table 1

Community and health-systems interventions to impact stillbirths reviewed in this paper

Community demand creation strategies

Emergency loan and insurance funds for emergency obstetric care

Financial incentives for care-seeking

Human resource development and training

Training of traditional birth attendants (TBAs) in clean delivery and referral

Training of other cadres of community health workers

Training of nurse-aides (including task-shifting) as birth attendants

Training to improve skills of professional midwives in antenatal and intrapartum care

Obstetric drills

Training in neonatal resuscitation for physicians and other health workers

Health system organizational strategies

Public-private partnerships to provide emergency obstetric care

Maternity waiting homes

Home birth with skilled attendance versus hospital birth for low-risk pregnancy

Evaluation strategies

Perinatal audit

Bhutta et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9(Suppl 1):S7   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-9-S1-S7

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