This article is part of the supplement: Stillbirths – the global picture and evidence-based solutions

Open Access Highly Accessed Review of interventions

Reducing stillbirths: interventions during labour

Gary L Darmstadt1, Mohammad Yawar Yakoob2, Rachel A Haws1, Esme V Menezes2, Tanya Soomro2 and Zulfiqar A Bhutta2*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of International Health, The Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

2 Division of Maternal and Child Health, The Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan

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BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009, 9(Suppl 1):S6  doi:10.1186/1471-2393-9-S1-S6

Published: 7 May 2009

Additional files

Additional file 1:

Web Table 1. Component studies in Johanson and Menon 1999 meta-analysis: Impact of vacuum vs. forceps delivery on perinatal mortality. Component studies in Johanson and Menon 1999 meta-analysis showing impact on stillbirths/perinatal mortality.

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Additional file 2:

Web Table 2. Component studies in Johanson and Menon 2000: Impact of soft vs. rigid cup delivery on perinatal mortality. Component studies in Johanson and Menon 2000 meta-analysis showing impact on stillbirths/perinatal mortality.

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Additional file 3:

Web Table 3. Component studies in Gulmezoglu et al. 2006 meta-analysis: Impact of induction of labour at or beyond term by cervical status on stillbirth and perinatal mortality. Component studies in Gulmezoglu et al. 2006 meta-analysis showing impact on stillbirths/perinatal mortality.

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Additional file 4:

Web Table 4. Component studies in Irion and Boulvain 1998 meta-analysis: Impact of induction of labour for suspected fetal macrosomia on perinatal mortality. Component studies in Irion and Boulvain 1998 meta-analysis showing impact on stillbirths/perinatal mortality.

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Additional file 5:

Web Table 5. Component studies in Boulvain et al. 2001: Impact of elective delivery in term diabetic pregnant women on perinatal mortality. Component studies in Boulvain et al. 2001 meta-analysis showing impact on stillbirths/perinatal mortality.

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Additional file 6:

Web Table 6. Component studies in Dare et al. 2006 meta-analysis: Impact of planned early birth on perinatal mortality. Component studies in Dare et al. 2006 meta-analysis showing impact on stillbirths/perinatal mortality.

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Additional file 7:

Web Table 7. Component studies in Dodd and Crowther 2003: Impact of elective delivery of women with a twin pregnancy from term on perinatal mortality. Component studies in Dodd and Crowther 2003 meta-analysis showing impact on stillbirths/perinatal mortality.

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Additional file 8:

Web Table 8. Component studies in Alfirevic and Weeks 2006 meta-analysis: Impact of oral misoprostol for induction of labour on perinatal mortality. Component studies in Alfirevic and Weeks 2006 meta-analysis showing impact on stillbirths/perinatal mortality.

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Additional file 9:

Web Table 9. Component studies in Hofmeyr and Gulmezoglu. 2003 meta-analysis: Impact of vaginal misoprostol for cervical ripening and labour induction on perinatal mortality. Component studies in Hofmeyr and Gulmezoglu 2003 meta-analysis showing impact on stillbirths/perinatal mortality.

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Additional file 10:

Web Table 10. Component studies in French 2001: Impact of oral prostaglandin E2 for inducing labour on perinatal mortality. Component studies in French 2001 showing impact on stillbirths/perinatal mortality.

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Additional file 11:

Web Table 11. Component studies in Boulvain et al. 2008 meta-analysis: Impact of intracervical prostaglandin for labour induction on perinatal mortality. Component studies in Boulvain et al. 2008 meta-analysis showing impact on stillbirths/perinatal mortality.

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Additional file 12:

Web Table 12. Component studies in Kelly et al. 2003 meta-analysis: Impact of vaginal prostaglandin (prostaglandin E2 and PGF2α) for term labour induction on perinatal mortality. Component studies in Kelly et al. 2003 meta-analysis showing impact on stillbirths/perinatal mortality.

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Additional file 13:

Web Table 13. Component studies in Hutton and Mozurkewich 2001: Impact of extra-amniotic prostaglandin for labour induction on perinatal mortality. Component studies in Hutton and Mozurkewich 2001 meta-analysis showing impact on stillbirths/perinatal mortality.

Format: DOC Size: 37KB Download file

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Additional file 14:

Web Table 14. Component studies in Luckas et al. 2000 meta-analysis: Impact of intravenous prostaglandin for induction of labour on perinatal mortality. Component studies in Luckas et al. 2000 meta-analysis showing impact on stillbirths/perinatal mortality.

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Additional file 15:

Web Table 15. Component studies in Neilson 2000 meta-analysis: Impact of mifepristone for labour induction on perinatal mortality. Component studies in Neilson 2000 meta-analysis showing impact on stillbirths/perinatal mortality.

Format: DOC Size: 36KB Download file

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Additional file 16:

Web Table 16. Component studies in Hofmeyr and Hannah 2003 meta-analysis: Impact of planned Caesarean section for term breech on perinatal/neonatal mortality. Component studies in Hofmeyr and Hannah 2003 meta-analysis showing impact on stillbirths/perinatal mortality.

Format: DOC Size: 101KB Download file

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Additional file 17:

Web Table 17. Component studies in Duley et al. 2003 meta-analysis: Impact of magnesium sulphate and other anti-convulsants for pre-eclampsia on stillbirth and perinatal mortality. Component studies in Duley et al. 2003 meta-analysis showing impact on stillbirths/perinatal mortality.

Format: DOC Size: 55KB Download file

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Additional file 18:

Web Table 18. Component studies in Duley and Henderson-Smart 2003 meta-analysis: Impact of magnesium sulphate versus diazepam for eclampsia on stillbirth and perinatal mortality. Component studies in Duley and Henderson-Smart 2003 meta-analysis showing impact on stillbirths/perinatal mortality.

Format: DOC Size: 48KB Download file

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Additional file 19:

Web Table 19. Component studies in Duley and Henderson-Smart 2003 meta-analysis: Impact of magnesium sulphate versus phenytoin for eclampsia on stillbirth and perinatal mortality. Component studies in Duley and Henderson-Smart 2003 meta-analysis showing impact on stillbirths/perinatal mortality.

Format: DOC Size: 38KB Download file

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Additional file 20:

Web Table 20. Component studies in Duley and Gulmezoglu 2000 meta-analysis: Impact of magnesium sulphate vs. lytic cocktail on stillbirth and neonatal mortality. Component studies in Duley and Gulmezoglu 2000 meta-analysis showing impact on stillbirths/perinatal mortality.

Format: DOC Size: 36KB Download file

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Additional file 21:

Web Table 21. Component studies in Doyle et al. 2007 meta-analysis: Impact of magnesium sulphate as a neuroprotective agent in women at risk of pre-term birth on fetal death. Component studies in Doyle et al. 2007 meta-analysis showing impact on stillbirths/perinatal mortality.

Format: DOC Size: 54KB Download file

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Additional file 22:

Web Table 22. Component studies in Crowther et al. 2002 meta-analysis: Impact of magnesium sulphate in threatened pre-term labour on fetal deaths. Component studies in Crowther et al. 2002 meta-analysis showing impact on stillbirths/perinatal mortality.

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Additional file 23:

Web Table 23. Component studies in Crowther and Moore 1998: Impact of magnesium maintenance therapy for preventing pre-term birth on perinatal mortality. Component studies in Crowther and Moore 1998 showing impact on stillbirths/perinatal mortality.

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Additional file 24:

Web Table 24. Component studies in Say et al. 2003 meta-analysis: Impact of maternal oxygen therapy on perinatal mortality. Component studies in Say et al. 2003 meta-analysis showing impact on stillbirths/perinatal mortality.

Format: DOC Size: 42KB Download file

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Additional file 25:

Web Table 25. Component studies in Hofmeyr 1998 meta-analysis: Impact of amnioinfusion for potential or suspected umbilical cord compression on perinatal mortality. Component studies in Hofmeyr 1998 meta-analysis showing impact on stillbirths/perinatal mortality.

Format: DOC Size: 49KB Download file

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Additional file 26:

Web Table 26. Component studies in Hofmeyr 2002 meta-analysis: Impact of amnioinfusion for meconium-stained liquor on perinatal mortality. Component studies in Hofmeyr 2002 meta-analysis showing impact on stillbirths/perinatal mortality.

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