Table 1

Interventions implemented antenatally to prevent or treat maternal infections or conditions reviewed in this paper

Prevention and management of problems during pregnancy

Management of chronic and pregnancy-induced hypertension and prevention of pre-eclampsia

• Calcium supplementation to prevent pregnancy-induced hypertension and pre-eclampsia

• Anti-hypertensives for chronic maternal hypertension

Anti-platelet agents

Heparin and other anti-coagulants


Management of intrahepatic cholestasis

Maternal plasma exchange

Cervical cerclage

Infection control and treatment

Syphilis screening and treatment

Antibiotics and antisepsis in high-risk pregnancies (BV, asymptomatic bacteriuria, and GBS colonisation)

Antibiotics for preterm premature rupture of membranes

Anti-helminthics during pregnancy

Prophylactic anti-malarials

Insecticide-treated nets during pregnancy

Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV

Periodontal care

Menezes et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9(Suppl 1):S4   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-9-S1-S4

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