Table 17

Research gaps for care before and during pregnancy to reduce stillbirths

Pilot/cohort studies of interventions

• Trials of alternative cooking technologies or cleaner fuels*

• FGM (especially infibulation) vs. no FGM in non-facility-based births*

• Birth spacing studies, including identification of behavioural/emotional factors after a loss leading to short subsequent IPIs.

Well-designed large RCTs of interventions powered to detect stillbirths

• Effective nutritional interventions, particularly balanced protein-energy supplementation and multiple micronutrient supplementation*

• ANC packages with clearly defined component interventions

• Iron (or iron-folate) supplementation in iron-deficient populations

• Peri-conceptional folic acid supplementation

• Vitamin A in high-risk groups

* Priority areas

Yakoob et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9(Suppl 1):S3   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-9-S1-S3

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