Table 3

Perceived reasons for ANC by time of attendance

Perceived reasons for early antenatal care

Perceived reasons for late antenatal care


To confirm early pregnancy

To avoid coming to the clinic many times

To prevent miscarriage

Lack of money

To diagnose and treat illness associated with early pregnancy

Fear of encountering wild animals on the way to the clinic that could cause physical or spiritual harm

To check or monitor the development of the baby

Unsure of being pregnant

To get a clinic card in order to guarantee being attended in case of emergencies

Apathy or laziness (Uzembe)

To get advice from the nurses

Being away from one's village or living in a remote place

To avoid being reprimanded by clinic staff for late initiation of ANC

Shyness or embarrassment, particularly among older women and school-age girls


Mrisho et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2009 9:10   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-9-10

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