Table 2

Comparison of experiences of navigating the health system by newcomer and Canadian-born women using weighted proportions
Newcomer Canadian-born P-value
N = 140 N = 1137
Weighted mean 95% CI Weighted mean 95% CI
Navigating health system variables
Timing of pre-natal visit (mean no. of weeks) 7.46 weeks 6.75, 8.17 7.13 weeks 6.92, 7.35 0.83
Weighted % Weighted %
Pre-natal care as early as she wanted 0.97
  Yes 87.7 81.1,92.3 87.5 85.4,89.4
Attended prenatal classes 0.45
  Yes 32.4 24.7,41.1 34.1 31.3,37.1
Number of prenatal visits 11.5 10.9, 12.1 12.8 12.5, 13.0 0.002
Continuity of care
Had the same provider at pregnancy & birth 0.20
Yes 48.7 40.1,57.3 47.5 44.5,50.6
Preferred to have the same provider 0.46
Yes 48.0 36.1,60.1 44.1 40.0,48.4
Husband was present during labour 0.39
Yes 93.0 87.4,96.2 90.6 88.7,92.2
A companion was present during labour 0.15
Yes 32.9 25.2,41.5 39.2 36.2,42.2
Communication and information exchange
Information provided about physical changes to body 0.001
Yes 87.0 79.6,91.9 95.0 93.6,96.2
Information provided about emotional changes 0.006
Yes 83.4 75.7,88.9 91.7 89.9,93.2
Information provided about what to expect during labour and birth 0.58
Yes 91.3 85.0,95.2 93.3 91.6,94.7
Information provided about what to support husband could provide 0.62
Yes 94.6 88.8,97.5 92.5 90.7,93.9
Information about Community breast feeding resources 0.77
Yes 85.9 78.4, 91.1 83.3 80.8, 85.6
Information about warning signs of complications 0.18
Yes 80.7 72.9, 86.7 86.5 84.3, 88.5
Information about effects of medication on baby 0.35
Yes 91.5 85.2, 95.3 94.7 91.3, 95.9
Information about SIDS* 0.000
Yes 80.3 72.5, 86.3 92.8 91.0, 94.2
Information about use of car-seat by the baby 0.14
Yes 95.3 90.5, 97.7 94.0 92.4, 95.3
Information about Postpartum depression 0.05
Yes 89.2 82.7, 93.5 94.0 92.4, 95.3
Information about birth control after pregnancy 0.07
Yes 82.0 74.3, 87.7 88.8 86.7, 90.6
Information about how to breastfeed the baby 0.03
Yes 95.4 89.8, 98.0 91.7 89.8, 93.3
Information about formula feeding 0.001
Yes 92.7 86.8, 96.0 78.2 75.5, 80.7

*Sudden Infant Death Syndrome.

Mumtaz et al.

Mumtaz et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014 14:4   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-14-4

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