Table 2

Comparison of neonatal outcomes

Outcomes

FIC infants (n = 31)

Matched controls (n = 62)

p-value1

Percent change


Zwt21 – Zwt1, mean (SD)

0.61 (0.44)

0.49 (0.41)

0.26

24.5

(Wt21-Wt1)/(Wt1/1000)/21, mean (SD)

21.59 (6.43)

20.32 (6.59)

0.48

6.25

(Wt21-Wt1)/21, mean (SD)

30.82 (9.08)

28.25 (9.09)

0.17

9.1

Nosocomial infection, N (%)

0 (0.0)

6 (9.7)

0.057

-100

Incidents / 1000 person days (95%CI)

0.84 (0, 1.96)

1.15 (0, 3.08)

0.78

-26.96

BPD, N (%)

11 (35.5)

24 (38.7)

0.54

-8.27

ROP3, N (%)

0 (0.0)

8 (14.3)

0.045*

-100

IVH grade 3 or 4 or PVL, N (%)

2 (6.7)

5 (8.3)

0.78

-16.87

NEC, N (%)

0 (0.0)

2 (3.2)

0.31

-100

Breast feeds (> 90%), n (%)

23 (74.2)

25 (40.3)

0.002*

45.7


Notes: Weight was measured at study enrolment and 21 days after enrolment; all other outcomes are for the period from enrolment to discharge. 1A conditional logistic regression method accounting for matched case-control data was used. The Mantel-Haeszel test was also applied for categorical data. The results from both methods were consistent. BPD, bronchopulmonary dysplasia; CI, confidence interval; FIC, family integrated care; IVH, intraventricular hemorrhage; NEC, necrotizing enterocolitis; PVL, periventricular leukomalacia; ROP3, retinopathy of prematurity, stage 3; SD, standard deviation; Wt1, weight on enrolment; Wt21, weight 21 days after enrolment; Zwt1, z-score for weight on enrolment; Zwt21, z-score for weight 21 days after enrolment.

O’Brien et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13(Suppl 1):S12   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-13-S1-S12

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