Table 2

Intervention components, coded categories, and maternal and child development outcomes

Study

Name of program

Intervention components

Maternal outcomes

Child developmental outcomes


Parent support

Parent education categories

Child support

Short-term < 1 yr

Long-term > 1 yr

Short-term < 1 yr

Long-term > 1 yr

1

2

3


Higher quality studies ≥ 3*


IHDP

1990

IHDP

+

+

-

-

+

n.a.

-

-

+

Saylor

1996

CAMS

-

+

+

+

+

-

-

-

-

Avon

1998

APIP

+

+

-

-

-

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

-

Ohgi

2004

NBAS based

-

+

+

-

-

+

n.a.

-

n.a.

Kaaresen

2006

MITP

Modified

+

-

+

+

-

+

+

+

+

Melynk

2006

COPE

-

+

-

-

-

+

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

Glazebrook

2007

PBIP

-

+

+

+

-

-

n.a.

-

-

Koldewijn

2009

IBAIP

-

+

-

+

+

n.a.

n.a.

+

+

Newnham

2009

Modified MITP

+

+

+

+

-

+

+

n.a.

+

Teti

2009

NBAS based

-

+

+

+

-

+

n.a.

+

ELBW only

n.a.

Milgrom

2010

Modified MITP

+

+

+

+

-

n.a.

n.a.

+

n.a.

Spittle

2010

VIBeS Plus

+

+

+

-

-

n.a.

+

+

+

Ravn

2011

MITP

+

+

-

+

-

+

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.


Lower quality studies (< 3)*


Kang

1995

NSTEP-P

-

+

+

-

-

+

n.a.

+

n.a.

Melynk (pilot) 2001

COPE

-

+

-

-

-

-

n.a.

+

n.a.

Brisch

2003

n.a

+

-

-

+

-

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.

-

Gianni

2006

n.a

+

-

+

-

-

-

n.a.

-

-

Neu

2010

Kangaroo Care

-

+

-

+

-

+

n.a.

n.a.

n.a.


Note: * Quality determined by Cochrane Collaboration’s Tool ; n.a. = not assessed or not reported; ELBW = extremely low birth weight infant

Coding categories for parent education components: 1 = Information given: Included information that is generic (e.g., written, audiotape or videotape format), individualized to the family (e.g., written or verbal), and/or included discussion with the parent; 2 = Guided observation: included parent observation or demonstration of an activity with the infant; 3 = Active involvement: included parent involvement in active practical experiences, modeling and guided self-evaluation or self-reflection learning (e.g., video feedback).

Names of Intervention Programs: APIP = Avon Premature Infant Project; CAMS = Curriculum and Monitoring System; COPE = Creating Opportunities for Parent Empowerment NICU Program; IBAIP = Infant Behavioral Assessment and Intervention Program; IHDP = Infant Health and Development Program; NBAS = Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale, Brazelton; NSTEP-P = Nursing Systems for Effective Parenting-Preterm; MITP = Maternal Infant Transaction Program; PBIP = Parent Baby Interaction Program; PCIT = Parent Child Interaction Therapy; Premie Start = Modification of MITP; SI- NDT = Sensory Integration and Neurodevelopmental Therapy; SM=State Modulation; VIBeS Plus = Victoria Infant Brain Studies.

Benzies et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13(Suppl 1):S10   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-13-S1-S10

Open Data