Table 2

Results of regression analyses predicting multiple sexual partners and never having used condoms among pregnant women
Two or more sexual partners in past 12 months Never condom use with primary partner in past 3 month
UOR (95% CI) AOR1 (95% CI) UOR (95% CI) AOR2 (95% CI)
Socio-economic factors
Age (years) 0.96 (0.93-0.98)** 0.98 (0.94-1.02) 1.00 (0.99-1.02) ---
Education (years) 0.92 (0.84-1.01) --- 0.96 (0.90-1.03) ---
Single (Base = married) 2.05 (1.34-3.13)*** 1.62 (1.00-2.62)* 0.80 (0.63-1.02) ---
Obstetrics
Number of own children 0.82 (0.71-0.96)** 0.91 (0.74-1.13) 1.01 (0.93-1.10) ---
Number of antenatal care visits 0.93 (0.83-1.05) --- 0.90 (0.84-0.96)** 0.91 (0.85-0.99)*
Current pregnancy not planned (Base = planned) 1.27 (0.91-1.78) --- 1.04 (0.84-1.29) ---
Father accompany to antenatal clinic (Base = No) 1.25 (0.88-1.78) --- 0.79 (0.63-0.99)* 0.83 (0.64-1.06)
HIV related variables
HIV knowledge scores 1.04 (0.89-1.20) --- 0.94 (0.85-1.04) ---
Belief ARVs can cure HIV (Base = No) 0.97 (0.49-1.27) --- 0.97 (0.72-1.30) ---
Belief in someone treated with ARVs cannot transmit the HIV virus (Base = No) 0.97 (0.65-1.45) --- 1.00 (0.77-1.30) ---
HIV positive (Base = HIV negative) 1.11 (0.73-1.68) --- 0.44 (0.33-0.57)*** 0.39 (0.29-0.52)***
Psychosocial distress and alcohol use
Past month (any) alcohol use (Base = No) 4.77 (2.99-7.63)*** 4.38 (2.63-7.31)*** 0.56 (0.37-0.86)** 0.55 (0.35-0.86)**
Physical partner violence in the past 6 months (Base = No) 1.81 (1.09-2.98)* 1.59 (0.90-2.80) 0.83 (0.57-1.22) ---
Psychological distress (Kessler 10 ≥ 28 scores) (Base = <28 scores) 1.64 (1.11-2.41) --- 1.02 (0.77-1.34) ---

1Hosmer-Lemeshow χ2 = 9.24, p = 0 .323; Nagelkerke R2 = 0.08; 2Hosmer-Lemeshow χ2 = 8.95, p = 0 .177; Nagelkerke R2 = 0.06; UOR = Unadjusted Odds Ratio; AOR = Adjusted Odds Ratio; CI = Confidence Interval.

Peltzer and Mlambo

Peltzer and Mlambo BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:57   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-13-57

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