Table 1

Sample characteristics and sexual HIV risk behaviour of pregnant women (N = 1502)
Variables n or M % or SD
Socio-economic factors
Age (years), M (s.d.) 26.6 6.1
Education (years or Grades)
 Grade 7 or less, n (%) 134 9.0
 Grade 8–11, n (%) 698 46.6
 Grade 12 or more, n (%) 665 44.4
Marital status
 Single, n (%) 1025 69.8
 Married or cohabitating, n (%) 444 30.2
Obstetrics
Number of own children, M (s.d) 1.2 1.2
Number of antenatal care visits, M (s.d.) 3.4 1.5
Current pregnancy not planned, n (%) 824 55.2
Father accompany to antenatal clinic, n (%) 435 29.4
HIV related variables
HIV knowledge scores, M (s.d.) 2.5 1.1
Belief ARVs can cure HIV, n (%) 231 16.3
Belief in someone treated with ARVs cannot transmit the HIV virus, n (%) 318 22.4
HIV status
 HIV positive, n (%) 278 19.8
 HIV negative, n (%) 1123 80.2
 HIV status unknown, n (%) 101 [6.7]
Psychosocial distress and alcohol use
Past month (any) alcohol use, n (%) 93 6.5
Physical partner violence in the past 6 months, n (%) 123 8.5
Psychological distress (Kessler 10 ≥28 scores), n (%) 267 17.8
Sexual HIV risk factors
Two or more sexual partners in the past 12 months, n (%) 155 19.9
Casual sexual partner in the past 3 months, n (%) 107 7.6
History of STI (other than HIV) in the past 12 months, n (%) 254 17.3
Condom use with primary partner in the past 3 months
 Never, n (%) 899 63.3
 Less than half of the time, n (%) 114 8.0
 Half of the time, n (%) 81 5.7
 More than half of the time, n (%) 99 7.0
 Every time, n (%) 228 16.0
Knows partner’s HIV status
 HIV positive, n (%) 77 12.6
 HIV negative, n (%) 532 87.4
 Do not know/refused to answer, n (%) 893 [59.5]

N = number;% = percent; M = Mean; SD/s.d. = Standard deviation.

Peltzer and Mlambo

Peltzer and Mlambo BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2013 13:57   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-13-57

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