Table 2

Biological and anthropometric characteristics of the HIV positive pregnant women (n = 1626)
Factors Preterm Cases (%) No Preterm (%) P value OR 95% CI
N=181 N=1445
CD4 level
· <200 47 (26.0) 265 (18.3) 0.008 1.8 1.16 – 2.99
· 200 – 350 49 (27.1) 410 (28.4) 0.36 1.3 0.79 – 2.00
· 351–500 40 (22.0) 421 (29.1) 1.0 1.0
· >500 45 (24.9) 349 (24.2) 0.22 1.4 0.83 – 2.18
Viral load
· <1000 79 (43.6) 741 (51.3) 1.0 1.0
· 1000 – 10,000 48 (26.5) 322 (22.2) 0.10 1.4 0.94 – 2.08
· >10,000 54 (29.9) 382 (26.4) 0.16 1.3 0.90 – 1.94
Body Mass Index
· <18.50 12 (6.7) 101 (7.0) 0.94 0.96 0.46 – 1.83
· 18.50 - 24.99 98 (54.1) 791 (54.8) 1.0 1.0
· > = 25 71 (39.2) 553 (38.2) 0.89 1.04 0.74 – 1.45
Opportunistic Infection at delivery
· Present 21 (11.6) 85 (5.9) 0.01 2.1 1.23 – 3.57
· Absent 160 (88.4) 1360 (94.1) 1.0 1.0
Reproductive tract infection at delivery
Present 13 (7.2) 51 (3.5) 0.03 2.1 1.07–4.11
Absent 168 (92.8) 1394 (96.5) 1.0 1.0

Ezechi et al.

Ezechi et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:93   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-12-93

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