Table 3

The duration/degree of pregnancy-related symptoms by level of sexual violence, percentages and adjusted † OR, N = 78 660
No. of 4-week period(s) * No sexual violence n = 64 192 Mild sexual violence n = 9 444 Moderate sexual violence n = 2 219 Severe sexual violence n = 2 805
% % AOR (95% CI) % AOR (95% CI) % AOR (95% CI)
1. Backache ≥5 9.2 13.6 1.29 (1.21–1.38) 15.4 1.32 (1.17–1.49) 18.9 1.48 (1.33–1.65)
2. Tiredness ≥5 13.2 18.1 1.27 (1.20–1.35) 18.8 1.23 (1.10–1.38) 21.8 1.45 (1.31–1.61)
3. Constipation ≥5 9.8 13.5 1.31 (1.22–1.40) 14.7 1.36 (1.20–1.54) 13.0 1.20 (1.06–1.36)
4. Pelvic girdle relaxation ≥4 12.3 16.6 1.23 (1.16–1.31) 18.3 1.25 (1.11–1.40) 21.2 1.40 (1.26–1.55)
5. Heartburn ≥4 11.7 15.2 1.21 (1.14–1.29) 18.1 1.39 (1.24–1.56) 20.1 1.54 (1.39–1.71)
6. Nausea and vomiting ≥3 10.8 12.3 1.26 (1.19–1.34) 14.6 1.27 (1.14–1.43) 17.7 1.66 (1.50–1.83)
7. Edema ≥2 11.6 15.8 1.21 (1.14–1.29) 18.6 1.33 (1.18–1.49) 20.9 1.47 (1.32–1.62)
8. Candidiasis ≥2 12.1 15.1 1.22 (1.14–1.30) 14.9 1.15 (1.02–1.30) 14.1 1.07 (0.95–1.20)
9. Pruritus gravidarum ≥1 13.6 19.0 1.30 (1.23–1.38) 21.1 1.34 (1.20–1.49) 24.1 1.50 (1.36–1.66)
10. Leukorrhea ≥1 7.2 10.7 1.37 (1.27–1.48) 11.6 1.39 (1.21–1.60) 11.1 1.26 (1.11–1.44)
11. Headache ≥2 15.0 20.9 1.27 (1.20–1.34) 23.4 1.33 (1.20–1.48) 26.7 1.48 (1.35–1.62)
12. Urinary Tract Infection ≥1 9.3 11.2 1.09 (1.01–1.17) 13.0 1.18 (1.03–1.35) 13.2 1.11 (0.98–1.25)
13. Urine incontinence ≥1 11.7 17.1 1.33 (1.25–1.41) 17.4 1.22 (1.09–1.37) 19.1 1.35 (1.21–1.50)
14. Leg cramps ≥3 11.1 13.0 1.14 (1.05–1.20) 13.7 1.14 (1.00–1.29) 13.1 1.05 (0.93–1.06)
15. Braxton Hicks contractions bothered a lot ** 12.5 17.0 1.26 (1.19–1.34) 18.3 1.27 (1.14–1.43) 23.0 1.66 (1.50–1.83)

† Adjusted for age, child physical violence, adult physical violence, child emotional abuse and adult emotional abuse. Comparison group is the group of women not reporting sexual violence.* Number of 4-week periods women indicated having suffered from this symptom, maximum possible number of 4-week periods for symptom 1–10 was 8, for symptom 11– 3 it was 6 and for symptom14 it was 5. ** Question without 4-week periods option.

Lukasse et al.

Lukasse et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:83   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-12-83

Open Data