Table 6

Birth outcomes in the three clusters 2 months post birth
Self Determiners (Reference group) Takes it as it comes Fearful Fearful Take it as it comes
n = 145 n = 102 n = 110 X2 (DF) p Crude Odds Ratios Adjusted Odds Ratios Crude Odds Ratios Adjusted Odds Ratios
n (%) n (%) n (%) (95% CI) (95% CI) (95% CI) (95% CI)
Counselling due to childbirth fear
Yes 6 (21.4) 3 ( 10.7) 19 ( 67.8) 19.7 (2) <0.001 4.8 (1.9- 12.6) *** 5.0 (1.9-13.2) *** 0.7 ( 0.7- 2.9) 0.7 (0.2-3.9)
No 139 (42.2) 99 ( 30.1) 91 (27.7) 1.0 Ref. 1.0 Ref. 1.0 Ref. 1.0 Ref.
Onset of labour (vaginal births only)
Spontaneous 119 (45.2) 75 (28.5) 69 ( 26.2) 0.68 (2) 0.71 1.0 Ref. 1.0 Ref. 1.0 Ref. 1.0 Ref.
Induction 24 (42.1) 15 (26.3) 18 (31.5) 1.3 (0.6-2.5) 1.3 (0.6-2.8) 1.0 (0.5-2.0) 0.9 (0.4-2.0)
Mode of birth
Vaginal birth 113 (44.7) 73 (28.8) 67 (26.5) 6.7 (2) 0.04 1.0 Ref. 1.0 Ref. 1.0 Ref. 1.0 Ref.
Instrumental vaginal 15 (48.4) 5 ( 16.1) 11 (35.5) 2.9 (2) 0.24 1.2 (0.5-2.8) 1.0 (0.4- 2.5) 0.5 (0.2-1.5) 0.5 (0.1- 1.4)
Elective caesarean section 7 (17.1) 14 (34.1) 20 (48.8) 12.1 (2) 0.002 4.8 (2.0-12.0)*** 5.4 (2.1 - 14.2)*** 3.1 (1.2 -8.0) * 3.0 (1.1 - 8.0)*
Emergency caesarean section 14 (33.3) 16 (38.1) 12 (28.5) 1.9 (2) 0.39 1.4 (0.6- 3.3) 1.2 (0.5-2.8) 1.8 (0.8- 3.8) 1.5 (0.6-3.3)
Epidural
Yes 28 (30.8) 25 (27.5) 38 (41.8) 4.9 (2) 0.09 1.8 (1.07-3.2)* 1.9 (1.1-3.2)* 1.4 (0.7-2.5) 1.4 (0.7-2.6)
No 123 (43.9) 83 (29.6) 74 (26.5) 1.0 Ref. 1.0 Ref. 1.0 Ref. 1.0 Ref. 1.0 Ref.
Birth experience
Positive 101 (43.0) 73 (31.1) 61 (25.9) 5.48 (2) 0.06 1.0 Ref. 1.0 Ref. 1.0 Ref. 1.0 Ref.
Less than positive 49 (36.8) 34 (25.6) 50 (37.5) 1.7 (1.02- 2.8 )* 1.7 (1.01-2.9)* 0.9 (0.6- 2.1 ) 1.1 (0.6-1.7)
Baby transferred to NICU
Yes 15 (41.7) 11 (30.5) 10 (27.7) 0.09 (2) 0.96 1.1 (0.5 -2.6) 1.0 (0.9 -1.1) 1.0 (0.4 -2.2) 1.1 (0.5 -2.6)
No 135 (40.7) 97 (29.2) 100 (30.1) 1.0 Ref. 1.0 Ref. 1.0 Ref. 1.0 Ref.

*p < 0.05, **p < 0.01,***p < 0.001.

Adjusted for age, education, country and parity.

Haines et al.

Haines et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:55   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-12-55

Open Data