Table 4

Results from logistic regression model: Association between psychological symptoms, bodily changes, birth-related symptoms, breastfeeding, severe fatigue and mode of birth at 3 months after birth
Ventouse-assisted Adjusted Forceps-assisted Adjusted UnplannedCaesarean Adjusted Planned Caesarean Adjusted
ORa(95% CI) ORa(95% CI) ORa(95% CI) ORa(95% CI)
Depression
  No 1 1 1 1
  Yes 0.85 (0.49-1.48) 0.99 (0.62-1.58) 0.93 (0.62-1.37) 0.89 (0.59-1.34)
Anxiety
  No 1 1 1 1
  Yes 1.17 (0.63-2.16) 1.05 (0.62-1.79) 1.40 (0.90-2.17) 1.32 (0.83-2.09)
PTSD symptoms
  No 1 1 1 1
  1 1.18 (0.80-1.74) 1.25 (0.87-1.79) 1.36 (1.02-1.82) 0.85 (0.61-1.17)
  ≥2 0.46 (0.17-1.20) 1.86 (1.06-3.24) 1.16 (0.67-2.01) 0.88 (0.48-1.63)
Bodily changes
  No 1 1 1 1
  Yes 1.46 (1.12-1.92) 1.56 (1.21-2.01) 0.76 (0.61-0.95) 0.71 (0.56-0.89)
Birth -related symptoms
  No 1 1 1 1
  Yes 4.31 (2.16-8.62) 4.89 (2.68-8.94) 4.21 (2.44-7.27) 4.36 (2.50-7.62)
Breastfeeding difficulties
  No 1 1 1 1
  Yes 0.63 (0.33-1.21) 1.07 (0.65-1.77) 0.87 (0.56-1.35) 0.97 (0.61-1.53)
Severe tiredness/ Fatigue
  No 1 1 1 1
  Yes 0.86 (0.55-1.34) 0.88 (0.59-1.31) 0.79 (0.56-1.10) 1.10 (0.81-1.51)

Note. The reference group is unassisted vaginal births.

aAdjusted for age (in years), parity (primiparous, multiparous), age on leaving full-time education (<16, 17–18, ≥19), IMD (quintiles), ethnicity (white, other) and all other birth-related outcomes presented in the table.

Rowlands and Redshaw

Rowlands and Redshaw BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:138   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-12-138

Open Data