Table 3

Association between psychological symptoms, bodily changes, birth-related symptoms, breastfeeding, severe fatigue and mode of birth at 3 months after birth
Unassisted Vaginala Ventouse-assisteda Forceps-assisteda Unplanned Caesareana Planned Caesareana p
n = 3275 n = 302 n = 359 n = 675 n = 630
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Depressionb
  No 3050 (93) 285 (94) 328 (91) 632 (94) 591 (94) 0.53
  Yes 225 (7) 17 (6) 31 (9) 43 (6) 39 (6)
Anxiety
  No 3123 (95) 287 (95) 335 (93) 636 (94) 597 (95) 0.41
  Yes 152 (5) 15 (5) 24 (7) 39 (6) 33 (5)
PTSD symptoms
  No 2842 (87) 254 (84) 283 (79) 567 (84) 557 (88) <0.001
  1 340 (10) 43 (14) 51 (14) 87 (13) 56 (9)
  ≥2 93 (3) 5 (2) 25 (7) 21 (3) 17 (3)
Bodily changes
  No 2445 (75) 188 (62) 212 (59) 506 (75) 499 (79) <0.001
  Yes 830 (25) 114 (38) 147 (41) 169 (25) 131 (21)
Birth-related symptoms
  No 3238 (99) 288 (95) 337 (94) 645 (96) 607 (96) <0.001
  Yes 37 (1) 14 (5) 22 (6) 30 (4) 23 (4)
Breastfeeding difficulties
  No 3147 (96) 291 (96) 334 (93) 643 (95) 605 (96) 0.08
  Yes 128 (4) 11 (4) 25 (7) 32 (5) 25 (4)
Severe tiredness/ Fatigue
  No 2942 (90) 273 (90) 316 (88) 615 (91) 558 (89) 0.46
  Yes 333 (10) 29 (10) 43 (12) 60 (9) 72 (11)

aNumbers may not sum to total because some data missing.

bWomen who reported “the blues” were added to this group.

Rowlands and Redshaw

Rowlands and Redshaw BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:138   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-12-138

Open Data