Table 2

Association between psychological symptoms, bodily changes, birth-related symptoms, breastfeeding, severe fatigue and mode of birth at 1 month after birth
Unassisted Vaginala Ventouse-assisteda Forceps-assisteda Unplanned Caesareana Planned Caesareana p
n = 3275 n = 302 n = 359 n = 675 n = 630
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
The blues
  No 2850 (87) 266 (88) 295 (82) 574 (85) 544 (86) 0.08
  Yes 425 (13) 36 (12) 64 (18) 101 (15) 86 (14)
Depression
  No 3055 (93) 289 (96) 320 (89) 627 (93) 589 (94) 0.02
  Yes 220 (7) 13 (4) 39 (11) 48 (7) 41 (7)
Anxiety
  No 2961 (90) 272 (90) 298 (83) 596 (88) 568 (90) <0.001
  Yes 314 (10) 30 (10) 61 (17) 79 (12) 62 (10)
PTSD symptoms
  No 2646 (81) 229 (76) 243 (68) 515 (76) 529 (84) <0.001
  1 494 (15) 56 (19) 85 (24) 110 (16) 76 (12)
  ≥2 135 (4) 17 (6) 31 (9) 50 (7) 25 (4)
Bodily changes
  No 2156 (66) 164 (54) 202 (56) 444 (66) 453 (72) <0.001
  Yes 1119 (34) 138 (46) 157 (43) 231 (34) 177 (28)
Birth -related symptoms
  No 3017 (92) 242 (80) 250 (70) 546 (81) 534 (84) <0.001
  Yes 258 (8) 60 (20) 109 (30) 129 (19) 96 (15)
Breastfeeding difficulties
  No 2828 (86) 246 (82) 286 (80) 551 (82) 555 (88) <0.001
  Yes 447 (14) 56 (19) 73 (20) 124 (18) 75 (12)
Severe tiredness/ Fatigue
  No 2487 (76) 222 (74) 246 (69) 488 (72) 469 (74) 0.02
  Yes 788 (24) 80 (27) 113 (32) 187 (28) 161 (26)

aNumbers may not sum to total because some data missing.

Rowlands and Redshaw

Rowlands and Redshaw BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2012 12:138   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-12-138

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