Table 3

Actual practice in four hospitals in China. Procedures are categorised into "avoid as routine" or "encourage as routine" through reference to research evidence from Cochrane Systematic Reviews

Specialist

City MCH

District

County

Total


Vaginal deliveries (women)

75

82

41

105

303

Avoid as routine

Pubic shaving (%)

0 (0)

82 (100)

39 (95)

98 (93)

219 (72)

Enemas

1 (1)

1 (1)

22 (54)

0 (0)

24 (8)

Rectal examination

71 (95)

0 (0)

39 (95)

103 (98)

213 (70)

Supine position

75 (100)

82 (100)

41 (100)

102 (97)

300 (99)

Electronic FHR

75 (100)

76 (93)

37 (90)

1 (1)

189 (62)

monitoring

Episiotomy

70 (93)

74 (90)

36 (88)

68 (65)

248 (82)

Encourage as routine

Mobility during labour

27 (36)

19 (23)

23 (56)

8 (8)

77 (25)

Companionship during

6 (8)

30 (36)

38 (93)

8 (8)

82 (27)

labour


Qian et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2001 1:1   doi:10.1186/1471-2393-1-1

Open Data