Table 4

Associations of childhood and adulthood direct pesticide application with PD as divided into chemical classes.

% Exposed*


Functional type

History of pesticide use for each chemical class

Cases, n = 319

Controls, n = 296

OR and 95% CI (GEE model 2)**


Insecticide

Botanical

Ever

2.2

0.3

5.93

0.63–56.10

Ever to any other pesticide

60.5

49.3

1.57

1.10–2.24

Never

37.3

50.3

1.00

Referent

N-Methyl carbamate

Ever

11.9

10.8

1.31

0.75–2.28

Ever to any other pesticide

50.8

38.9

1.70

1.17–2.47

Never

37.3

50.3

1.00

Referent

Organochlorine

Ever

13.2

7.1

1.99

1.09–3.64

Ever to any other pesticide

49.5

42.6

1.54

1.07–2.23

Never

37.3

50.3

1.00

Referent

Organophosphorus

Ever

16.6

10.1

1.89

1.11–3.25

Ever to any other pesticide

46.1

39.5

1.53

1.05–2.23

Never

37.3

50.3

1.00

Referent

Herbicide

Chlorophenoxy acid/ester

Ever

4.7

2.7

2.07

0.69–6.23

Ever to any other pesticide

58.0

47.0

1.58

1.11–2.27

Never

37.3

50.3

1.00

Referent

Phosphonoglycine

Ever

17.9

13.5

1.53

0.92–2.53

Ever to any other pesticide

44.8

36.1

1.64

1.12–2.40

Never

37.3

50.3

1.00

Referent

Triazine

Ever

1.6

2.4

1.08

0.32–3.59

Ever to any other pesticide

61.1

47.3

1.63

1.14–2.33

Never

37.3

50.3

1.00

Referent

Multiple uses

Inorganic/metal

Ever

5.0

3.0

1.51

0.62–3.71

Ever to any other pesticide

57.7

46.6

1.61

1.13–2.31

Never

37.3

50.3

1.00

Referent


*Column totals may not sum to 100 due to rounding or missing data.

**GEE model adjusted for AAE, sex, cigarette smoking, and caffeine consumption.

Hancock et al. BMC Neurology 2008 8:6   doi:10.1186/1471-2377-8-6

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