Unusual MRI findings of dural arteriovenous fistula: Isolated perfusion lesions mimicking TIA
1 Department of Neurology, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea
2 Department of Neuroradiology, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea
3 Cerebrovascular Center, Kyungpook National University Hospital, Daegu, Republic of Korea
4 School of Medicine Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Republic of Korea
BMC Neurology 2012, 12:77 doi:10.1186/1471-2377-12-77Published: 20 August 2012
The diagnosis of transient ischemic attack (TIA) based on clinical history and objective findings, even including multiparametric MRI, can be misleading. We report two patients who presented with TIA-like deficits with isolated perfusion lesions in corresponding areas but were finally diagnosed as transient neurological symptoms associated with dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF).
Two patients presented with transient focal neurological symptoms lasting less than one hour. An isolated perfusion deficit with no diffusion change in the clinically relevant area was shown on brain MRI, indicating transient ischemia as the most plausible cause of neurological symptoms. However, cerebral angiography let to diagnosis of dAVF in both cases. Intracerebral hemorrhage occurred after the initial diagnosis of TIA in one patient, and the small area of perfusion abnormality accompanied by the enlarged cortical vein in the other case helped to identify the dAVF through the further investigation. The pattern of perfusion-weighted imaging in both cases revealed increase of mean transit time and relative cerebral blood volume denoting the venous congestion in a clinically corresponding area.
Reported cases are uncommon clinical presentation of a dAVF, which can be misdiagnosed as TIA on clinical grounds. In rare cases, the isolated perfusion deficits could be attributable to venous congestion, despite the similar pattern of clinical presentation, such as with TIA.