Table 1

Instructional Video


Instructional Design


Adjustment of volume according to individual needs


Use of high contrast and big font size

Cognitive load

Dual encoding of learning content, short sequences of modeling, consistent wording, short sentences, constant repetitions of learning content, attention guiding by using close ups, avoiding irrelevant information, learning content starts from easy to more difficult

Acceptance and self-efficacy

Emphasizing the benefits of properly using the controller, watching a patient who uses the controller with self-confidence (social cognitive learning)

Age specific characteristics of the instructional video (modified according to [8])

Kaiser et al. BMC Neurology 2012 12:4   doi:10.1186/1471-2377-12-4

Open Data