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Open Access Study protocol

Endoscopic surgery versus conservative treatment for the moderate-volume hematoma in spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage (ECMOH): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Xin Zan, Hao Li, Wenke Liu, Yuan Fang, Junpeng Ma, Zhigang Lan, Xi Li, Xin Liu and Chao You*

Author Affiliations

Department of Neurosurgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No.37 Guoxue Alley, Chengdu, Sichuan Province, People's Republic of China, Zip code: 610041

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BMC Neurology 2012, 12:34  doi:10.1186/1471-2377-12-34

Published: 7 June 2012

Abstract

Background

Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage is a disease with high morbidity, high disability rate, high mortality, and high economic burden. Whether patients can benefit from surgical evacuation of hematomas is still controversial, especially for those with moderate-volume hematomas in the basal ganglia. This study is designed to compare the efficacy of endoscopic surgery and conservative treatment for the moderate-volume hematoma in spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage.

Methods

Patients meet the criteria will be randomized into the endoscopic surgery group (endoscopic surgery for hematoma evacuation and the best medical treatment) or the conservative treatment group (the best medical treatment). Patients will be followed up at 1, 3, and 6 months after initial treatment. The primary outcomes include the Extended Glasgow Outcome Scale and the Modified Rankin Scale. The secondary outcomes consist of the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale and the mortality. The Barthel Index(BI) will also be evaluated. The sample size is 100 patients.

Discussion

The ECMOH trial is a randomized controlled trial designed to evaluate if endoscopic surgery is better than conservative treatment for patients with moderate-volume hematomas in the basal ganglia.

Trial registration

Chinese Clinical Trial Registry: ChiCTR-TRC-11001614

(http://www.chictr.org/en/proj/show.aspx?proj=1618 webcite)

Keywords:
Endoscopic surgery; Conservative treatment; Moderate-volume hematoma; Spontaneous basal ganglia hemorrhage