Table 4

Instruments assessing perceived performance

Measurement instrument

Target population

Number of Items

ICF level(s) of the upper limb items

Tasks included

Activities of daily living included

Upper limb use

Reference


Stroke

CP

Function

Activity

Participation

Unimanual

Bimanual

Basic

Extended

AOU

QOU

Other description of use

Validity

Reliability

Responsiveness


Instruments including only items at ICF activity level


Abilhand [42]

23

[43]

[43]


Abilhand-kids [44]

21

[44]

[44]


COPM [45]

variable

√*

√*

√*

√*

[46,47]

[46,47]

[47,48]


DHI [49]

18

[49]

[49]

[49]


GAS [50]

variable

√*

√*

√*

√*

[51,52]

[51,52]

[51,52]


HFS [53]

13

[53]

[53]


MAL [54]

26

[54]

[54]

[54]


pMAL [55]

22

[56]

[56]


Instruments combining items at ICF activity level with items at ICF function level


UE Item Bank [57]

49

[58,59]

[58]


‡ = This subcategory covers answers like "can be performed (yes/no)" or "independent performance (yes/no/partly)"; or descriptive answers like "How much effort does it take to perform the task?". * = item can be chosen by therapist/patient and can therefore be unimanual or bimanual and basic ADL or extended ADL.

CP = cerebral palsy; AOU = amount of use; QOU = quality of use.

COPM = Canadian Occupational Performance Measure; DHI = Duruoz Hand Index; GAS = Goal Attainment Scaling; HFS = Hand Function Survey, MAL = Motor Activity Log; pMAL = Pediatric Motor Activity Log; UE Item bank = upper extremity item bank

Lemmens et al. BMC Neurology 2012 12:21   doi:10.1186/1471-2377-12-21

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