Table 1

Prevalence estimate data that were selected and entered for meta-regression analysis
Location Year N. patients Prevalence (per 105) GeoLat (Degree) GeoMag (Degree) AMAG60 (Degree) AGRAPH60 (Degree) Reference
North America
Canada
    Alberta 2004 11562 357 52 58.9 1.1 8 Warren et al. [31] †
    Atlantic 2000 16032 350 49.3 59.3 0.7 10.7 Beck et al. [32] †
    British Colombia 1982 4620 131 54 59.18 0.82 6 Sweeney et al. [33]
    London (Ontario) 1983 190 94 42.59 53.21 6.79 17.41 Hader et al. [34]
    Ontario 2000 33529 230 51 60.9 0.9 9 Beck et al. [32] †
    Québec 2000 20551 180 52 62.27 2.27 8 Beck et al. [32] †
    Saskatoon 2005 537 298 52.07 59.84 0.16 7.93 Hader and Yee [35]
    Westlock 1991 23 200 54.09 61.11 1.11 5.91 Warren and Warren [36]
United States of America
    Colorado 1982 274 84 39.3 47.98 12.02 20.7 Nelson et al. [37]
    Key West 1985 22 70 24.33 35 25 35.67 Helmick et al. [38]
    Sugarcreek & Independence (Missouri) 2010 106 86 41.24 50.93 9.07 18.76 Noonan et al. [39]
    Lorain county (Ohio) 2010 320 109 41.22 50.89 9.11 18.78 Noonan et al. [39]
    Olmsted 2000 218 177 41.24 51.32 8.68 18.76 Mayr et al. [40]
    Rochester 1984 102 173 44.02 53.24 6.76 15.98 Wynn et al. [41]
    Texas 2000 182 42 31.3 40.26 19.74 28.7 Noonan et al. [39]
Australasia
Australia
    Canberra 1996 155 49 35.16 42.74 17.26 24.84 Simmons et al. [42]
    Newcastle 1996 79 59 32.55 39.86 20.14 27.45 Barnett et al. [43]
    New South Wales 1981 1907 37 33 41.5 18.5 27 McLeod et al. [44]
    South Australia 1981 378 28 30 39.77 20.23 30 McLeod et al. [44]
New Zealand 2010 2917 73.1 Taylor et al. [45] ‡
    Auckland 2006 732 59 36.5 39.8 20.2 23.5 Taylor et al. [46]
    Bay of plenty 2006 132 50 38.3 41.12 18.88 21.7 Taylor et al. [46]
    Canterbury 2006 557 103 44.2 47.85 12.15 15.8 Taylor et al. [46]
    Gisborne 2006 20 46.7 38.4 41.05 18.95 21.6 Taylor et al. [46]
    Hawke Bay 2006 82 54.3 39 41.8 18.2 21 Taylor et al. [46]
    Manawatu-Wanganui 2006 120 54 39.7 42.74 17.26 20.3 Taylor et al. [46]
    Marlborough 2006 42 86.8 41.4 44.75 15.25 18.6 Taylor et al. [46]
    Nelson-Tasman 2006 75 77.7 41.17 44.6 15.4 18.83 Taylor et al. [46]
    Northland 2006 82 50.8 35.5 38.9 21.1 24.5 Taylor et al. [46]
    Otago 2006 234 119.3 44.45 48.45 11.55 15.55 Taylor et al. [46]
    Southland 2006 148 134.6 45.5 49.74 10.26 14.5 Taylor et al. [46]
    Taranaki 2006 72 66.8 39.2 42.46 17.54 20.8 Taylor et al. [46]
    Waikato 2006 177 46.4 37.7 40.8 19.2 22.3 Taylor et al. [46]
    Wellington 2006 383 86.2 41.18 44.36 15.64 18.82 Taylor et al. [46]
Western Europe
Austria 2000 3420 98 47.2 46.94 13.06 12.8 Baumhackl et al. [47]
Belgium
    Flandern 1991 220 88 51 52.54 7.46 9 van Ooteghem et al. [48]
Denmark 2005 9377 154 56 55.95 4.05 4 Bentzen et al. [49]
England
    Cambridgshire 1993 347 119 52.2 54.16 5.84 7.8 Robertson et al. [50]
    Devon 2001 409 118 50.45 53.09 6.91 9.55 Fox et al. [51]
    East Angelia 1990 374 112 52.3 54.49 5.51 7.7 Mumford et al. [52]
    Guernsey 1993 53 95 49.28 51.81 8.19 10.72 Sharpe et al. [53]
    Jersey 1993 95 120 49.2 51.69 8.31 10.8 Sharpe et al. [53]
    Leeds 1996 712 84 53.5 55.67 4.33 6.5 Ford et al. [54]
    London 1984 195 115 51.5 53.66 6.34 8.5 Williams and McKeran [55]
    Northern East Angelia 1995 449 118 51.5 53.65 6.35 8.5 Robertson et al. [56]
    Rochdale 1989 200 96 53.38 55.77 4.23 6.62 Shepherd and Summers [57]
    Southampton 1987 384 92 50.55 52.97 7.03 9.45 Roberts et al. [58]
    Suffolk 1988 58 153 52.18 54.05 5.95 7.82 Lockyer [59]
    Sussex 1991 665 111 51.03 53.14 6.86 8.97 Rice-Oxley et al. [60]
Finland
    Central Finland 2000 277 105 62.5 59.31 0.69 2.5 Sarasoja et al. [61]
    Sienajoki 1993 398 186 62.45 59.78 0.22 2.45 Sumelahti et al. [62]
    Ussima 1993 1380 92 60.12 57.3 2.7 0.12 Sumelahti et al. [62]
    Vaasa 1993 199 108 63.09 60.53 0.53 3.09 Sumelahti et al. [62]
France
    Lorraine 2004 2718 120 49 49.93 10.07 11 Debouverie et al. [63]
Germany
    Rostock 1983 193 89 54.15 53.81 6.19 5.85 Meyer-Rienecker and Buddenhagen [64]
    South Lower Saxony 1986 222 83 52.63 52.84 7.16 7.37 Poser et al. [65]
    Southern Hesse 1980 324 52 49.8 50.28 9.72 10.2 Lauer et al. [66]
Iceland 1989 252 100 65 62.9 2.9 5 Benedikz et al. [67]
Ireland
    Donegal 2001 240 185 54.5 57.77 2.23 5.5 McGuigan et al. [68]
    Wexford 2001 126 121 52.2 55.28 4.72 7.8 McGuigan et al. [68]
Italy
    Alghero 1980 44 59 40.34 44.5 15.5 19.66 Rosati et al. [69]
    Aosta 1989 36 39 45.44 46.41 13.59 14.56 Sironi et al. [70]
    Bagheria 1994 25 49 38.05 38.07 21.93 21.95 Salemi et al. [71]
    Barbagia 1981 32 78 40.56 41.3 18.7 19.44 Granieri et al. [72]
    Caltanissetta 2002 101 166 37.48 37.37 22.63 22.52 Grimaldi et al. [73]
    Catania 1995 195 58 37.5 37.21 22.79 22.5 Nicoletti et al. [74]
    Enna 1995 34 120 37.34 37.22 22.78 22.66 Grimaldi et al. [75]
    Ferrara 2003 423 121 44.53 44.9 15.1 15.47 Granieri et al. [76]
    Genoa 1997 857 85 44.25 44.99 15.01 15.75 Solaro et al. [77]
    L’Aquila city 1984 22 34 42 42.2 17.8 17.78 Salerni et al. [78]
    L’Aquila Province 1996 158 56 42.22 42.13 17.87 17.78 Totaro et al. [79]
    Modena 1990 404 39 44.4 44.73 15.27 15.6 Guidetti et al. [80]
    Monreale 2000 21 71 38.05 38.08 21.92 21.95 Ragonese et al. [81]
    North Western Sardinia 1991 276 103 40.12 40.93 19.07 19.88 Rosati et al. [82]
    Padova 1999 667 81 45.4 45.44 14.56 14.6 Ranzato et al. [83]
    Salerno 2005 186 72 40.67 40.31 19.69 19.33 Iuliano and Napoletano [84]
    Nuoro 1993 394 144 40.19 40.96 19.04 19.81 Casetta et al. [85]
    Sassari 1997 686 144 40.44 41.31 18.69 19.56 Pugliatti et al. [86]
Malta 1999 63 13 35.5 35.39 24.61 24.5 Dean et al. [87]
Northern Ireland 2004 370 200 54.4 57.28 2.72 5.6 Gray et al. [88]
Norway
    Hordaland 2003 666 151 60.15 60.53 0.53 0.15 Grytten et al. [89]
    Møre og Romsdal 1985 159 75 62.3 62.42 2.42 2.3 Midgard et al. [90]
    Nord Trondelag 2000 208 164 64.43 63.53 3.53 4.43 Dahl et al. [91]
    Oslo 2005 759 170 59.56 59.3 0.7 0.44 Smestad et al. [92]
    Troms and Finmark 1993 184 73 69.4 66.8 6.8 9.4 Gronlie et al. [93]
    Vestfold 1983 163 86 59.25 58.8 1.2 0.75 Edland et al. [94]
Portugal
    Santarem 1998 29 46 39.14 43 17 20.86 De Sa et al. [95]
San Marino (Republic of) 2005 50 167 43.56 43.56 16.44 16.44 Granieri et al. [96]
Scotland
    Glasgow 2002 245 145 55.53 58.06 1.94 4.47 Murray et al. [97]
    Lothian and Border 1995 1613 203 55.55 57.93 2.07 4.45 Rothwell and Charlton [98]
    Orkney 1983 37 193 59 61.29 1.29 1 Cook et al. [99]
    Shetland 1986 40 184 60.3 62.18 2.18 0.3 Cook et al. [100]
    Tayside 1996 727 184 55.87 58.41 1.59 4.13 Forbes et al. [101]
Spain
    Alcoy 1988 23 17 38.42 40.92 19.08 21.58 Matias-Guiu et al. [102]
    Bajo Aragon 2003 44 75 41 43.43 16.57 19 Modrego and Pina [103]
    Canary Islands 1998 34 42 28 33.26 26.74 32 Hernandez [104]
    Gijon 1994 22 65 43.32 46.62 13.38 16.68 Uria et al. [105]
    Las Palmas 2002 64 61 28.6 33.83 26.17 31.4 Aladro et al. [106]
    Menorca (Balearic Islands) 1996 46 69 40 41.68 18.32 20 Casquero et al. [107]
    Mostoles 1998 85 43 40.19 43.17 16.83 19.81 Benito-Leon et al. [108]
    Northern Calatayud, 1995 34 58 41.21 43.84 16.16 18.79 Pina et al. [109]
    Osona 1991 42 58 41.7 43.78 16.22 18.3 Bufill et al. [110]
    Santiago de Compostela 2003 71 79 42.53 46.18 13.82 17.47 Ares et al. [111]
    Teruel 1996 46 32 40.21 42.82 17.18 19.79 Modrego Pardo et al. [112]
    Valladolid 1997 54 58 41.39 44.57 15.43 18.61 Tola et al. [113]
Sweden 2008 17485 189 62 60.7 0.7 2 Ahlgren et al. [114]
    Varmland 2002 580 170 59.48 58.69 1.31 0.52 Bostrom et al. [115]
    Vasterbotten 1997 399 154 64.36 61.98 1.98 4.36 Sundstrom et al. [116]
Switzerland
    Berne 1986 1016 110 46.57 47.53 12.47 13.43 Beer and Kesselring [117]
Wales
    South Glamorgan 1985 381 101 51.3 54.08 5.92 8.7 Swingler and Compston [118]
    South-East 2005 620 146 51.3 53.79 6.21 8.7 Hirst et al. [119]

N. Patients: Number of patients; GeoLat: Geographic latitude; GeoMag: Geomagnetic latitude; AMAG60: Angular distance to geomagnetic 60 latitude; AGRAPH60: Angular distance to geographic 60 latitude.

† Studies that did not use a determined MS diagnostic criteria.

‡ It was the latest report of MS prevalence in New Zealand (the entire country) that we found in the PubMed. But we found that their study result of prevalence in each region of that country was published previously by MS society of New Zealand [46]. We entered the latter study [46] results in our analyses.

Sajedi and Abdollahi

Sajedi and Abdollahi BMC Neurology 2012 12:100   doi:10.1186/1471-2377-12-100

Open Data