Table 1

Sample Characteristics and Early Life Stress (n = 47)

Variable


Age (SE; range)

51.51 (1.22; 31-69)

Sex

7 male, 40 female

Race

44 white, 2 black, 1 other

Education

≤ High school or vocational tech diploma

20

Associate degree, RN diploma or college

Income ($/year)a

27

20,000 - 40,000

> 40,000

13

WRAT-3 standard score (SE)

33

CTQ Total score (5-125) (Mean (SE))

33.7 (1.34)

Emotional abuse (5-25) (Mean (SE))

7.7 (.516)

Physical abuse (5-25) (Mean (SE))

6.36 (.259)

Sexual abuse (5-25) (Mean (SE))

5.85 (.373)

Emotional neglect (5-25) (Mean (SE))

7.9 (.479)

Physical neglect (5-25) (Mean (SE))

5.85 (.228)

CTQ Exposures b, n (%)

12 (25.5%)

Emotional abuse

8 (17.02%)

Physical abuse

4 (8.51%)

Sexual abuse

3 (6.38%)

Emotional neglect

2 (4.26%)

Physical neglect

2 (4.35%)

Self-Rating Depression Scale (Mean (SE))

37.5 (.106)

Spielberger State Anxiety (Mean (SE))

26.1 (.832)

Spielberger Trait Anxiety (Mean (SE))

27.5 (.772)


Note. SE = standard error of the mean; WRAT-3 = Wide Range Achievement

Test 3; CTQ = Childhood Trauma Questionnaire; a Information on income is missing for one participant; b Using the cut-off values from the study of Bernstein & Fink, 1998 (see Methods section).

Majer et al. BMC Neurology 2010 10:61   doi:10.1186/1471-2377-10-61

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