Progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy in an immunocompetent patient with favourable outcome. A case report
1 Department of Neurology, Haukeland University Hospital, N-5021 Bergen, Norway
2 Department of Microbiology and Infection Control, University Hospital of North Norway, N-9038 Tromsø, Norway
3 Department of Pathology, Haukeland University Hospital, N-5021 Bergen, Norway
4 Div. Molecular Diagnostics, Clinical & Transplantation Virology, Institute for Medical Microbiology, Petersplatz 10, CH-4003 Basel, Switzerland
BMC Neurology 2010, 10:32 doi:10.1186/1471-2377-10-32Published: 18 May 2010
To report the clinical course of PML in an apparently immunocompetent patient treated with cidofovir.
A 35-year-old immunocompetent man who developed progressive hemianopsia, aphasia, and limb weakness underwent repeated MRI scans of the brain, spinal fluid analyses, and brain biopsy. Before diagnosis was established based on brain biopsy, he was consecutively treated with methylprednisolone, acyclovir, ceftriaxone and plasmapheresis, but he deteriorated rapidly suggestive of the immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS). He started to recover two weeks after the initiation of treatment with cidofovir and has had no relapse at 3 1/2 years of follow-up. MRI has shown marked improvement.
PML should be considered in immunocompetent patients with a typical clinical course and MRI findings compatible with PML. Treatment with cidofovir should be considered as early as possible in the disease course.