Adjusted mean biomarkers by quintiles of cystatin C at the baseline visit of the MESA study. Models adjusted for age, gender, race/ethnicity, smoking status, body mass index, diabetes, hypertension, low-density lipoprotein, high-density lipoprotein, use of statins, and log transformed urinary albumin to creatinine ratio. Y-axis scales are standardized to ± 2 standard deviations of the overall mean of the cohort for TNF-αR1 and ± 1 standard deviation of the overall mean of the cohort for all other biomarkers.
Keller et al. BMC Nephrology 2008 9:9 doi:10.1186/1471-2369-9-9