Table 1

Demographic and clinical characteristics of 369 patients attending the diabetes clinic at BMC
Characteristic Number (%) or Median [IQR]
Female Gender 197 (53.4%)
Residence: Within Mwanza City 258 (70.3%)
Age (years) 54 [45 – 62]
Education Primary or Less 232 (62.9%)
Secondary or More 137 (37.1%)
Occupation: Peasant 96 (26.0%)
Others (Employed, Business, Housewife, Retired) 273 (74.0%)
Body Mass Index (kg/m2) 25.6 [22.6 – 29.6]
Duration of Diabetes (years) 6 [3 – 11]
Diabetes Medication: Oral 205 (55.6%)
Insulin 148 (40.2%)
Insulin + OHGA 4 (1.1%)
Hypertension Prevalence 212 (57.5%)
Duration of Hypertension (years) 1 [0 – 7]
Anti-Hypertensive Medication: None 158 (42.9%)
ACE-I or ARB 128 (34.8%)
Other 11(3.0%)
ACE-I or ARB + Other 71 (19.3%)
Current Smoking 12 (3.3%)
Current Alcohol Consumption 38 (10.3%)
Quantity of Alcohol Among Drinkers (units/wk) 3 [1 – 6]
Previously Diagnosed Renal Disease* 5 (1.3%)
Systolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) 130 [120 – 150]
Diastolic Blood Pressure (mmHg) 80 [70 – 90]
Random Blood Glucose (mmol/L) 9.8 [6.7 – 14.1]

ACE-I angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor.

OHGA Oral Hypoglycemic Agents.

* Pre-existing diabetic nephropathy as depicted by prior documentation of proteinuria, abnormally elevated serum creatinine levels and enlarged, echogenic kidneys on renal sonography.

Janmohamed et al.

Janmohamed et al. BMC Nephrology 2013 14:183   doi:10.1186/1471-2369-14-183

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