Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Hypoxia and oxidative stress markers in pediatric patients undergoing hemodialysis: cross section study

Enas A Hamed1*, Taghrid B El-Abaseri2, Amany O Mohamed3, Ahmed R Ahmed4 and Tarek H El-Metwally3

Author Affiliations

1 Departments of Medical Physiology, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt

2 School of Medicine, Medical Biochemistry Department, Suez Canal University, Ismailia, Egypt

3 Departments of Medical Biochemistry, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt

4 Departments of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt

For all author emails, please log on.

BMC Nephrology 2012, 13:136  doi:10.1186/1471-2369-13-136

Published: 13 October 2012



Tissue injury due to hypoxia and/or free radicals is common in a variety of disease processes. This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate effect of chronic kidney diseases (CKD) and hemodialysis (HD) on hypoxia and oxidative stress biomarkers.


Forty pediatric patients with CKD on HD and 20 healthy children were recruited. Plasma hypoxia induced factor-1α (HIF-1α), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) were measured by specific ELISA kits while, total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total peroxide (TPX), pyruvate and lactate by enzymatic/chemical colorimetric methods. Oxidative stress index (OSI) and lactate/pyruvate (L/P) ratio were calculated.


TAC was significantly lower while TPX, OSI and VEGF were higher in patients at before- and after-dialysis session than controls. Lactate and HIF-1α levels were significantly higher at before-dialysis session than controls. Before dialysis, TAC and L/P ratio were lower than after-dialysis. In before-dialysis session, VEGF correlated positively with pyruvate, HIF-1α and OSI correlated positively with TPX, but, negatively with TAC. In after-dialysis session, HIF-1α correlated negatively with TPX and OSI; while, OSI correlated positively with TPX.


CKD patients succumb considerable tissue hypoxia with oxidative stress. Hemodialysis ameliorated hypoxia but lowered antioxidants as evidenced by decreased levels of HIF-1α and TAC at before- compared to after-dialysis levels.