Email updates

Keep up to date with the latest news and content from BMC Medical Genetics and BioMed Central.

Open Access Research article

Breakpoint Associated with a novel 2.3 Mb deletion in the VCFS region of 22q11 and the role of Alu (SINE) in recurring microdeletions

Raihan K Uddin1, Yang Zhang1, Victoria Mok Siu2, Yao-Shan Fan2, Richard L O'Reilly3, Jay Rao3 and Shiva M Singh12*

  • * Corresponding author: Shiva M Singh ssingh@uwo.ca

  • † Equal contributors

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Biology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, N6A 5B7, Canada

2 Division of Medical Genetics, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, N6A 5B7, Canada

3 Department of Psychiatry, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, N6A 5B7, Canada

For all author emails, please log on.

BMC Medical Genetics 2006, 7:18  doi:10.1186/1471-2350-7-18

Published: 2 March 2006

Abstract

Background

Chromosome 22q11.2 region is highly susceptible to rearrangement, specifically deletions that give rise to a variety of genomic disorders including velocardiofacial or DiGeorge syndrome. Individuals with this 22q11 microdeletion syndrome are at a greatly increased risk to develop schizophrenia.

Methods

Genotype analysis was carried out on the DNA from a patient with the 22q11 microdeletion using genetic markers and custom primer sets to define the deletion. Bioinformatic analysis was performed for molecular characterization of the deletion breakpoint sequences in this patient.

Results

This 22q11 deletion patient was established to have a novel 2.3 Mb deletion with a proximal breakpoint located between genetic markers RH48663 and RH48348 and a distal breakpoint between markers D22S1138 and SHGC-145314. Molecular characterization of the sequences at the breakpoints revealed a 270 bp shared sequence of the breakpoint regions (SSBR) common to both ends that share >90% sequence similarity to each other and also to short interspersed nuclear elements/Alu elements.

Conclusion

This Alu sequence like SSBR is commonly in the proximity of all known deletion breakpoints of 22q11 region and also in the low copy repeat regions (LCRs). This sequence may represent a preferred sequence in the breakpoint regions or LCRs for intra-chromosomal homologous recombination mechanisms resulting in common 22q11 deletion.