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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Mutation screen and association studies for the fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) gene and early onset and adult obesity

Timo D Müller12, Günter Brönner13, Melanie Wandolski1, Jophia Carrie1, Trang T Nguyen4, Brandon H Greene4, André Scherag5, Harald Grallert6, Carla IG Vogel1, Susann Scherag1, Winfried Rief7, Hans-Erich Wichmann6, Thomas Illig6, Helmut Schäfer4, Johannes Hebebrand1 and Anke Hinney1*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany

2 Department of Psychiatry, University of Cincinnati, Genome Research Institute, Cincinnati, OH, USA

3 Biocenter of the University of Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg, Germany

4 Institute of Medical Biometry and Epidemiology, Philipps-University Marburg, Marburg, Germany

5 Institute for Medical Informatics, Biometry and Epidemiology, University of Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany

6 Helmholtz Zentrum Muenchen, Deutsches Forschungszentrum fuer Gesundheit und Umwelt, Neuherberg, Germany

7 Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Philipps-University Marburg, Marburg, Germany

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BMC Medical Genetics 2010, 11:2  doi:10.1186/1471-2350-11-2

Published: 1 January 2010

Abstract

Background

The orexigenic effects of cannabinoids are limited by activation of the endocannabinoid degrading enzyme fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH). The aim of this study was to analyse whether FAAH alleles are associated with early and late onset obesity.

Methods

We initially assessed association of five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in FAAH with early onset extreme obesity in up to 521 German obese children and both parents. SNPs with nominal p-values ≤ 0.1 were subsequently analysed in 235 independent German obesity families. SNPs associated with childhood obesity (p-values ≤ 0.05) were further analysed in 8,491 adult individuals of a population-based cohort (KORA) for association with adult obesity. One SNP was further analysed in 985 German obese adults and 588 normal and underweight controls. In parallel, we screened the FAAH coding region for novel sequence variants in 92 extremely obese children using single-stranded-conformation-polymorphism-analysis and denaturing HPLC and assessed the implication of the identified new variants for childhood obesity.

Results

The trio analysis revealed some evidence for an association of three SNPs in FAAH (rs324420 rs324419 and rs873978) with childhood obesity (two-sided p-values between 0.06 and 0.10). Although analyses of these variants in 235 independent obesity families did not result in statistically significant effects (two-sided p-values between 0.14 and 0.75), the combined analysis of all 603 obesity families supported the idea of an association of two SNPs in FAAH (rs324420 and rs2295632) with early onset extreme obesity (p-values between 0.02 and 0.03). No association was, however, found between these variants and adult obesity. The mutation screen revealed four novel variants, which were not associated with early onset obesity (p > 0.05).

Conclusions

As we observed some evidence for an association of the FAAH variants rs2295632 rs324420 with early onset but not adult obesity, we conclude that the FAAH variants analyzed here at least do not seem to play a major role in the etiology of obesity within our samples.