Table 1

Characteristics of the HIV-infected pregnant women and their infants

N (%)


Median age (range)

25.6 years (14–44)

Parity at enrolment (n = 3324)

0

2026 (61)

1

966 (29)

≥2

332 (10)

History of pregnancy termination (n = 3325)

0

1948 (59)

1

715 (21)

≥2

662 (20)

Age at leaving full-time education

Median (IQR)

17 years (16–19)

Marital status (n = 3328)

Married

1372 (41)

Cohabiting

1324 (40)

Single, divorced, widowed

632 (19)

Mode of acquisition of HIV (n = 3356)

Injecting drug use

689 (21)

Injecting drug using partner

735 (22)

Other heterosexual contact

375 (11)

Other risk

9

No specific risk factor reported

1548 (47)

Timing of mother's first positive HIV test (n = 3356)

Before pregnancy

893 (27)

First/second trimester

1517 (45)

Third trimester

631 (19)

In pregnancy (date not specified)

81 (2)

Delivery

234 (7)

Maternal HIV clinical stage (n = 2956)

Asymptomatic/mild symptoms

2838 (96)

Moderate/severe symptoms

118 (4)

Gestational age (n = 3354)

<37 weeks

298 (9)

≥37 weeks

3056 (91)

Birth weight (n = 3354)

Median (range)

3100 g (850–5000 g)

Neonatal prophylaxis (n = 3356)

None

484 (14)

sdNVP only

773 (23)

ZDV

1907 (57)

sdNVP and ZDV

121 (4)

Type not recorded

71 (2)


Thorne et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2009 9:40   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-9-40

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