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Open Access Research article

Humoral response to HspX and GlcB to previous and recent infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Marcelo Fouad Rabahi1, Ana Paula Junqueira-Kipnis2*, Michelle Cristina Guerreiro dos Reis2, Walter Oelemann3 and Marcus Barreto Conde4

Author Affiliations

1 Departamento de Clinica Medica, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiania, Brazil

2 Departamento de Imunologia, Instituto de Patologia Tropical e Saúde Pública, Laboratório de Imunopatologia das Doenças Infecciosas Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiania, Brazil

3 Departamento de Imunologia – Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

4 Instituto de Doenças do Tórax, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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BMC Infectious Diseases 2007, 7:148  doi:10.1186/1471-2334-7-148

Published: 31 December 2007

Abstract

Background

Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major world health problem. Around 2 billions of people are infected by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causal agent of this disease. This fact accounts for a third of the total world population and it is expected that 9 million people will become infected each year. Only approximately 10% of the infected people will develop disease. However, health care workers (HCW) are continually exposed to the bacilli at endemic sites presenting increased chance of becoming sick. The objective of this work was to identify LTBI (latent tuberculosis infection) among all asymptomatic HCW of a Brazilian Central Hospital, in a three year follow up, and evaluate the humoral response among HCW with previous and recent LTBI to recombinant HspX and GlcB from M. tuberculosis.

Methods

Four hundred and thirty seven HCW were screened and classified into three different groups according to tuberculin skin test (TST) status: uninfected, previous LTBI and recent LTBI. ELISA test were performed to determine the humoral immune response to HspX and GlcB.

Results

The levels of IgG and IgM against the HspX and GlcB antigens were the same among HCW with recent and previous LTBI, as well as among non infected HCW. However, the IgM levels to HspX was significantly higher among HCW with recent LTBI (OD = 1.52 ± 0.40) than among the uninfected (OD = 1.09 ± 0.50) or subjects with previous LTBI (OD = 0.96 ± 0.51) (p < 0.001).

Conclusion

IgG and IgM humoral responses to GlcB antigens were similar amongst all studied groups; nevertheless IgM levels against HspX were higher among the recent LTBI/HCW.