Surface distribution of acute toxicity to vaginal epithelium caused by a 10-minute exposure to detergents. Fluorescent intensity of the 'dead cell' dye YOYO-1 is proportional to the density of cell nuclei in the epithelium whose membranes were disrupted by the detergents. The brightly stained swaths of epithelium are regions in which virtually every cell nuclei became stained with YOYO-1. The darker regions became visible as the vagina was gently stretched and flattened to unfold the rugae.
Cone et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2006 6:90 doi:10.1186/1471-2334-6-90