Table 1

Symptoms, duration, number of episodes, treatment, and health care sought among cases of diarrhoea in individuals living in homes with and without cisterns
All cases Cases with Cisterns Cases without Cisterns p-value†
Symptoms (Number and %)
Blood in stool 62/531 (11.7%) 25/202 (12.4%) 37/329 (11.3%) 0.694
Liquid/watery stool 460/517 (89.0%) 178/199 (89.5%) 282/318 (88.7%) 0.786
Duration (Per month)
Mean number of days with diarrhoea and SD 3.9 (n = 534) 3.6 (n = 204) 4.0 (n = 330) 0.183
SD 2.83 SD 3.26
Number of Episodes (Per month)
Mean number of diarrhoeal episodes and SD 1.5 (n = 534) 1.6 (n = 204) 1.5 (n = 330) 0.307
SD 0.96 SD 0.80
Number and percent of cases with more than one episode 196/534 (36.7%) 76/204 (37.3%) 120/330 (36.4%) 0.836
Treatment (Number and %)
Took medication or home therapy 260/530 (49.1%) 106/202 (52.5%) 154/328 (47.0%) 0.217
Care Sought (Number and %)
None 307/535 (57.4%) 114/204 (55.9%) 193/331 (58.3%) 0.582
Community Health Agent (ACS) 51/535 (9.5%) 22/204 (10.8%) 29/331 (8.8%) 0.439
Referral to Health Post 124/535 (23.2%) 46/204 (22.6%) 78/331 (23.6%) 0.787
Referral to hospital 61/535 (11.4%) 27/204 (13.2%) 34/331 (10.3%) 0.295
Other 6/535 (1.1%) 2/204 (1.0%) 4/331 (1.2%) 0.808

SD: standard deviation.

† Comparison between individuals with and without cisterns using Pearson’s Chi-squared test for differences in symptoms, treatment and health care sought and two-way t-test for differences in means.

Marcynuk et al.

Marcynuk et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:65   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-13-65

Open Data