Table 2

Characteristics of patients with high suspicion of acute schistosomiasis but without fever
Patient Region of exposure Reason for travel Incubation time [days](1) Time to diagnosis [days](2) Eosinophils absolute [per μl] PCR Serology Microscopy
39 Togo VFR 51 95 6,000 pos pos S.m.
40 Brazil Tourist 39 66 11,640 Ø Ø Ø
41 Guinea Tourist 14 17 1,090 Ø pos Ø
42 Uganda Occupational 38 44 n.a. Ø pos n.a.
43 Egypt Tourist 26 40 1,100 Ø Ø Ø
44 Malawi Tourist 37 40 1,040 Ø (pos) Ø
45 Rwanda Tourist 47 54 2,640 pos Ø S.m.
46 Rwanda Tourist 62 90 14,150 pos pos S.m.
47 Rwanda Tourist 57 62 1,150 pos Ø Ø
48 Rwanda Tourist 93 96 2,860 pos (pos) S.m.
49 Rwanda Tourist 25 54 14,270 pos pos S.m.
50 Rwanda Tourist n.a. 96 11,120 pos pos S.m.
51 Rwanda Tourist n.a. 96 1,960 pos pos Ø
52(3) Rwanda Tourist n.a. 62 1,290 pos Ø Ø
53(3) Rwanda Tourist n.a. 96 1,210 pos (pos) S.m.
54(3) Rwanda Tourist n.a. 96 2,120 pos (pos) Ø
55(3) Rwanda Tourist n.a. 96 1,700 pos pos S.m.

(1): Time from exposure to beginning of clinical symptoms.

(2): Time from exposure to diagnostics.

(3): Persons from cluster, exposed 2 years before at the same location as well, and not previously diagnosed.

VFR Visiting relatives and friends.

n.a. Not available.

pos Positive.

Ø Negative.

(pos) Only one of two different serological tests for schistosomiasis shows a positive result.

S.m. eggs of S.mansoni.

Wichmann et al.

Wichmann et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:55   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-13-55

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