Table 3

Studies reporting prevalence of hepatitis C virus among populations at direct or high risk of exposure in Egypt
Citation Year Location Sampling Population characteristic Sample size Sero-prevalence RNA prevalence
Viral hepatitis patients
El-Ahmady,94 [10] N/A Cairo city, Cairo CS 51 25.5% N/A
El-Gohary,94 [83] N/A Suez city, Suez CS 140 19.2% N/A
El Gaafary,05 [84] 2002 Cairo city, Cairo CS 309 14.9% N/A
Meky,06 [85] 2002-5 Nile River Delta, Lower Egypt CS 47 78.7% 70.2%
Zakaria,07 [86] 2001-2 Giza, Upper Egypt CS 200 13.0% N/A
Kalil,10 [87] 2004-5 Assuit, Upper Egypt CS Children with viral hepatitis 150 8.7% 8.7%
Talaat,10 [88] 2001-4 Alexandria city, Alexandria/Abassia, Cairo/Mahalla, Gharbia, Lower Egypt/Qena and Aswan, Upper Egypt CS 4,189 29.8% N/A
Eldin,10 [89] N/A N/A CS 235 4.3% N/A
Badawy,12 [90] N/A Cairo city, Cairo CS Male military recruits with viral hepatitis 99 8% N/A
Multi-transfused patients
Khalifa,93 [18] 1990-1 Cairo city, Cairo CS Multi-transfused children 84 55.0% N/A
Abdel-Wahab,94 [53] 1992 Cairo city, Cairo CS Multi-transfused children 71 54.9% N/A
Said,09 [91] N/A Cairo city, Cairo CS Multi-transfused children with hematological disorders 49 81.6% 49.0%
Said,09 [91] N/A Cairo city, Cairo CS Multi-transfused children with hematological malignancies 51 17.6% 23.5%
Salama,09 [78] N/A Cairo city, Cairo CS Multi-transfused children 33 15.2% N/A
Kalil,10 [87] 2004-5 Assuit, Upper Egypt CS Multi-transfused children 165 58.2% 41.2%
Tonbary,10 [92] 2000-8 Mansoura, Dakahlia, Lower Egypt CS Multi-transfused children 72 11.1% N/A
El-Faramawy,12 [93] N/A Qena, Upper Egypt CS Multi-transfused children 33 39% N/A
Abdelwahab,12 [94] N/A Cairo city, Cairo CS Multi-transfused children 100 40% N/A
Thalassemic patients
El-Nanawy,95 [19] N/A Alexandria city, Alexandria CS Children with thalassemia 18 44.4% N/A
El Gohary,95 [36] 1990-2 Cairo city, Cairo CS Children with thalassemia 45 75.6% N/A
Khalifa,04 [95] 2000-3 Cairo city, Cairo CS Children with thalassemia 56 69.6% N/A
Abdalla,06 [96] 2005 Cairo city, Cairo / Banha, Qalubiya, Lower Egypt CS Children with thalassemia 33 60.6% N/A
Omar,11 [97] N/A Cairo city, Cairo CS 174 51.7% 32.2%
Mansour,12 [98] 2009-10 Mansoura, Dakahlia, Lower Egypt CS Children with thalassemia 200 19.5% N/A
El-Faramawy,12 [93] N/A Qena, Upper Egypt CS Children with thalassemia 67 48% N/A
Schistosomiasis patients
Bassily,92 [99] N/A Nile River Delta, Lower Egypt CS 31 41.9% N/A
El-Nanawy,95 [19] N/A Alexandria city, Alexandria CS 21 38.1% N/A
El-Zayadi,97 [39] N/A N/A CS 320 16.3% N/A
Zekri,02 [100] 1998-00 Cairo city, Cairo CS 47 42.5% N/A
Arafa,05 [62] 2002-3 Zawiat Razin, Menoufia, Lower Egypt CS Schistomiasis patients treated with PAT 206 51.5% N/A
El-Sabah,11 [101] N/A Rural area, Cairo/ Gharbia, Lower Egypt CS Schistosomiasis patients treated with PAT 50 84.0% N/A
El-Sabah,11 [101] N/A Rural area, Cairo/ Gharbia, Lower Egypt CS Schistosomiasis patients treated orally up to 8 years ago 52 7.7% N/A
Hemodialysis patients
Hassan,93 [102] N/A N/A CS 105 67.0% N/A
Abdel-Wahab,94 [53] 1992 Cairo city, Cairo CS 78 46.2% N/A
El-Ahmady,94 [10] N/A Cairo city, Cairo CS 25 84.0% N/A
El Gohary,95 [36] 1990-2 Suez city, Suez and Ismailia, Lower Egypt CS 108 70.4% N/A
Gohar,95 [72] N/A N/A CS 64 87.5% N/A
Hassan,00 [103] 1996 Cairo city, Cairo CS 210 59.0% N/A
Shatat,00 [104] 1999 N/A CS 83 78.5% N/A
Gad,02 [105] 1998 Ismailia, Lower Egypt CS 47 72.0% N/A
Zekri,02 [100] 1998-00 Cairo city, Cairo CS 30 56.6% N/A
El Yazeed,06 [106] 2002-4 Cairo city, Cairo CS 40 100.0% N/A
Kandil,07 [22] 2004-6 Cairo city, Cairo CS 31 51.6% N/A
Hammad,09 [25] 2008 Mansoura, Dakahlia, Lower Egypt CS 34 94.1% N/A
Attia,10 [107] 2008-9 Cairo city, Cairo CS 206 46.1% N/A
Ibrahim,10 [108] 2007 Cairo city, Cairo CS 100 75.0% N/A
Injection Drug Users (IDUs)
El-Ghazzawi,95 [109] N/A Alexandria city, Alexandria CS 100 63.0% N/A

CS convenience sampling, N/A not available, PAT parenteral antischistosomiasis therapy.

Mohamoud et al.

Mohamoud et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:288   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-13-288

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