Table 3

Summary of the number and rates of children with candidiasis per 1,000 children with hospital admission/year in HIV-infected children and HIV-uninfected children by calendar periods
1997-1999 2000-2002 2003-2008
Description No. Rate (95% CI) No. Rate (95% CI) No. Rate (95% CI)
All candidiasis
   HIV-uninfected children 8 6.1 (1.9; 10.3) 4 3.1 (0.1; 6.1) 14 10.7 (5.1; 16.3)
   HIV-infected children 64 150.0 (106.4; 175.5) 41 90.3 (62.7; 117.9) 36 79.3 (53.4; 105.2)
   p-value <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Non-invasive Candida mycosis (Non-ICM)
   HIV-uninfected children 5 3.8 (0.5; 7.1) 3 2.3 (0; 4.8) 8 6.0 (1.8; 10.2)
   HIV-infected children 50 118.5 (85.6; 151.3) 36 85.3 (57.4; 113.2) 34 80.6 (53.5; 107.6)
   p-value <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
Invasive Candida mycosis (ICM)
   HIV-uninfected children 3 1.2 (0; 2.5) 1 0.4 (0; 1.1) 6 2.3 (0.5; 4.2)
   HIV-infected children 14 32.4 (15.4; 49.4) 5 11.6 (1.4; 21.7) 2 4.6 (0; 11.1)
   p-value <0.001 <0.001 0.387

Abbreviations: ICM, invasive candidiasis mycosis; HIV, Human immunodeficiency virus; Rate, events per 1,000 children with hospital admission/yea; 95% CI, 95% of confidence interval.

Statistically significant differences are shown in bold.

Álvaro-Meca et al.

Álvaro-Meca et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:115   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-13-115

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