Table 5

Outcome of acute bacterial meningitis according to age group and severity indexes*
Group I (non-elderly) Group II (elderly) RR (95% CI) P value
N = 427 N = 208
Type of complication (%)
None (%) 3/292 (1.03) 3/93 (3.2) 3.07 (0.63–14.97) 0.3263
Neurologic complications (%) 9/26 (34.6) 11/21 (52.4) 1.34 (0.64–2.80) 0.6124
Extra-neurologic complications (%) 8/55 (14.5) 11/51 (29.4) 1.79 (0.82–3.93) 0.2085
Both types (%) 30/54 (55.5) 33/43 (76.7) 1.22 (0.83–1.79) 0.4041
Extra-neurologic complications (%)
New focal neurologic signs (%) 13/23 (56.5) 11/16 (68.7) 1.13 (0.60–2.12) 0.9105
Coma (%) 37/57 (64.9) 41/48 (85.4) 1.17 (0.84–1.64) 0.4429
Seizures (%) 16/46 (34.8) 21/33 (63.6) 1.51 (0.88–2.58) 0.1908
New cranial palsies (%) 4/17 (23.5) 11/17 (64.7) 2.06 (0.76–5.58) 0.2270
Extra-neurologic complications (%)
Septic shock (%) 30/65 (46.1) 23/35 (74.3) 1.35 (0.89–2.04) 0.2178
Acute respiratory failure (%) 22/60 (36.7) 27/46 (58.7) 1.38 (0.86–2.20) 0.2360
Acute renal failure (%) 19/40 (47.5) 27/48 (56.2) 1.12 (0.69–1.80) 0.7823
Consumption coagulopathy (%) 19/39 (48.7) 11/15 (73.3) 1.29 (0.72–2.31) 0.5497

Values expressed as patients who died/total number of patients with complication. *A patient may have more than one complication or sequelae.

Domingo et al.

Domingo et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2013 13:108   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-13-108

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