Table 3

Characteristics of antibiotic treatment prescribed before intervention [n (%)]
Intervention Non intervention
Complete Partial Non adherence Total
N 199 141 231 571 602
Type of treatment
  Empirical 186 (93.5) 130 (92.2) 183 (79.2) 499 (87.4) 458 (76.1)
  Prolonged Prophylaxis 13 (6.5) 10 (7.1) 45 (19.5) a 68 (11.9) 141 (23.4) b
  Microbiologically-based 0 (0.0) 1 (0.7) 3 (1.3) 4 (0.7) 3 (0.5)
Antibiotic regimens including
  One compound 119 (59.8) 93 (66.0) 170 (73.6) 382 (66.9) 451 (74.9)
  Two or more compounds 80 (40.2) 48 (34.0) 61 (26.4) 189 (33.1) 151 (25.1)
Treatment initiation in Emergency room 56 (28.1) 40 (28.4) 65 (28.1) 161 (28.2) 97 (16.1) b
Treatment evaluation (initial) 199 141 231 571 602
  Adequate 70 (35.2) 22 (15.6) a 4 (1.7) a,c 96 (16.8) 60 (10.0)
  Inadequate 129 (64.8) 115 (81.6) a 222 (96.1) a,c 466 (81.6) 531 (88.2)
  Unnecessary 0 (0.0) 4 (2.8) 5 (2.2) 9 (1.6) 11 (1.8)
Modification of initial treatment 129 (64.8) 52 (36.9) a 33 (14.3) a,c 214 (37.5) 105 (17.4) b

ap<0.001 versus complete adherence; bp<0.001 versus Total intervention; cp<0.001 versus partial adherence.

Fariñas et al.

Fariñas et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:292   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-12-292

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