Table 4

Association of intestinal helminth infection and non-severeP. falciparummalaria among malaria suspected febrile patients who attended Dore Bafeno Health Center, southern Ethiopia, December 2010
Outcome Main exposure Model OR 95% CI p-value
P. falciparum Only A. lumbricoides (Al) Crude 2.58 1.44, 4.61 0.001
Adjusted* 2.55 1.40, 4.63 0.002
Only hookworm (Hw) Crude 0.47 0.06, 3.67 0.473
Adjusted* 0.54 0.07, 4.35 0.565
Only T. trichiura (Tt) Crude 2.48 0.98, 6.27 0.055
Adjusted* 2.77 1.15, 6.65 0.023
Only S. mansoni (Sm) Crude 2.83 1.21, 6.63 0.016
Adjusted* 3.25 1.32, 7.97 0.010
Al and Tt Crude 3.57 1.49, 8.55 0.004
Adjusted* 3.12 1.27, 7.61 0.013
Al and Sm Crude 2.44 0.75, 7.96 0.139
Adjusted* 2.65 0.76, 9.22 0.125
Al, Tt and Sm Crude 2.64 0.27, 26.23 0.406
Adjusted* 2.34 0.23, 23.88 0.473
Al, Tt, Sm and Hw Crude 3.96 1.48, 10.60 0.006
Adjusted* 4.12 1.49, 11.31 0.006
Any intestinal helminth Crude 2.74 1.71, 4.41 0.000
Adjusted* 2.89 1.77, 4.72 0.000

NB 1. Individuals free from any intestinal helminth infection were used as reference categories while calculating the OR.

2. Adjusted*=the model is adjusted for the effects of age, gender and nutritional status.

3. Any intestinal helminth = individuals infected with at least 1 intestinal helminth species.

Degarege et al.

Degarege et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:291   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-12-291

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