Table 2

HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, Stigma towards people with HIV and willingness to participate in free HIV testing in the study subjects
Knowledge items Urban residents Rural residents Pvalue
Number % Number %
Total knowledge score(mean, SD ) 10.8 (3.5) 8.9 (3.8) <0.001
Is AIDS a contagious disease? (yes) 1644 82.4 1599 81.1 0.285
Can an apparently healthy person be a carrier for HIV? (yes) 1479 74.1 1174 59.6 <0.001
At present, is there a vaccine to protect against HIV? (no) 1085 54.3 753 38.2 <0.001
At present, is AIDS curable? (no) 1393 70.1 996 50.6 <0.001
Mode of transmission score(mean, SD ) 3.8 (1.4) 3.5 (1.6) <0.001
1. Can having only one uninfected sex partner reduce the risk of HIV transmission? (yes) 1221 61.4 1112 56.6 0.001
2. Can use of condoms reduce the risk of transmission of HIV? (yes) 1424 71.3 1264 64.3 <0.001
3. Can sharing contaminated needles and syringes cause AIDS? 1609 80.6 1522 77.3 0.011
4. Can receiving blood and blood products lead to AIDS? (yes) 1735 86.8 1583 80.3 <0.001
5. Can a pregnant woman transmit HIV to her baby? (yes) 1624 81.4 1406 71.4 <0.001
Misconceptions of transmission score(mean, SD ) 3.8 (1.9) 3.1 (2.0) <0.001
1. Can mosquito bites transmit HIV? (no) 739 37.0 427 21.7 <0.001
2. Can eating food together transmit HIV? (no) 1390 69.6 1084 55.1 <0.001
3. Can coughing or sneezing lead to AIDS? (no) 1353 67.8 1060 53.8 <0.001
4. Can shaking hands, hugging, or kissing cause AIDS? (no) 1470 73.6 1276 64.7 <0.001
5. Can sharing the same office cause AIDS? (no) 1523 76.2 1236 62.7 <0.001
6. Can using the same toilet, shower, or swimming pool transmit HIV? (no) 1097 54.9 976 49.5 <0.001
Stigma score(mean, SD ) 0.6 (0.9) 0.8 (0.9) <0.001
1. Is willing to work together with PLWHA? 519 26.3 650 33.8 <0.001
2. Is willing to accept family members with HIV/AIDS? 189 9.6 192 10.0 0.706
3. Is willing to have their children study together with PLWHA? 454 23.0 648 33.8 <0.001
willingness to participate in free HIV testing 1438 73.0 1516 78.8 <0.001

Yuan et al.

Yuan et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:256   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-12-256

Open Data