Table 1

Multiple logistic regression of possible background risk factors for severe disease among studied children (n = 483)
Risk factor for disease severity Total cases** Severe disease cases (%) OR AOR
Child’s Sex
Female 230 146 (63.5) 1.3 (0.9-1.8) 1.3 (0.9-2.0)
Male 253 147 (58.1) ref ref
Child’s Age
0-11 months 179 116 (64.8) 1.7 (1.1-2.6)* 1.8 (1.1-2.8)*
12-23 months 131 87 (66.4) 1.8 (1.1-2.9)* 1.9 (1.1-3.0)*
24+ months 172 90 (52.3) ref ref
Child’s Weight
0-9.9 kg 253 169 (66.8) 1.8 (1.2-2.6)* 1.6 (0.9-3.0)
10.0-14.9 kg 204 109 (53.4) ref ref
15.0-20+ kg 22 12 (54.5) 1.0 (0.4-2.5) 1.2 (0.5-3.2)
Child’s MUAC
8.0-13.9 cm 160 113 (70.6) 2.1 (1.3-3.3)* 1.6 (1.0-2.6)*
14.0-14.9 cm 139 80 (57.6) 1.2 (0.7-1.8) 1.0 (0.6-1.7)
15.0-20.0 cm 177 95 (53.7) ref ref
Caretaker’s Education
No formal education 78 64 (82.1) 5.9 (2.5-13.9)* 6.6 (2.7-15.8)*
Primary education 366 212 (57.9) 1.8 (0.9-3.5) 2.0 (1.0-4.0)*
Post-primary education 39 17 (43.6) ref ref
Caretaker’s SES
Low 174 106 (60.9) 1.6 (1.0-2.7)* 1.5 (0.9-2.6)
Middle 217 142 (65.4) 1.9 (1.2-3.2)* 1.9 (1.2-3.2)*
High 91 45 (49.5) ref ref
No. of own alive children
1 child 137 69 (50.4) ref ref
2-3 children 240 149 (62.1) 1.6 (1.1-2.5)* 1.7 (1.1-2.7)*
4 or more children 103 74 (71.8) 2.5 (1.5-4.3)* 2.5 (1.4-4.5)*
Home-hospital travel time
0-59 min 164 81 (49.4) ref ref
60-119 min 136 79 (58.1) 1.4 (0.9-2.2) 1.4 (0.9-2.3)
120+ min 143 99 (69.2) 2.3 (1.4-3.7)* 2.1 (1.3-3.4)*

OR – Unadjusted odds ratio (from bivariate analysis). AOR- Adjusted for child’s Age and Sex, and Caretakers Education and socio-economic status (SES).

* - significant findings.

**- Varying total due to missing cases . MUAC – Mid Upper Arm Circumference.

Kahabuka et al.

Kahabuka et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2012 12:219   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-12-219

Open Data