Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Short hairpin RNA targeting 2B gene of coxsackievirus B3 exhibits potential antiviral effects both in vitro and in vivo

Hailan Yao1, Yangde Zhang2, Feng He1, Caihong Wang1, Zonghui Xiao1, Jizhen Zou1, Fang Wang1 and Zhewei Liu1*

Author Affiliations

1 Molecular Immunology Laboratory, Capital Institute of Pediatrics, YaBao Road 2, Beijing, 100020, China

2 National Hepatobiliary and Enteric Surgery Research Center of Ministry of Health, Central South University, Xiangya Road 87, Changsha, Hunan, 410008, China

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BMC Infectious Diseases 2012, 12:177  doi:10.1186/1471-2334-12-177

Published: 6 August 2012



Coxsackievirus B3 is an important infectious agent of viral myocarditis, pancreatitis and aseptic meningitis, but there are no specific antiviral therapeutic reagents in clinical use. RNA interference-based technology has been developed to prevent the viral infection.


To evaluate the impact of RNA interference on viral replication, cytopathogenicity and animal survival, short hairpin RNAs targeting the viral 2B region (shRNA-2B) expressed by a recombinant vector (pGCL-2B) or a recombinant lentivirus (Lenti-2B) were tansfected in HeLa cells or transduced in mice infected with CVB3.


ShRNA-2B exhibited a significant effect on inhibition of viral production in HeLa cells. Furthermore, shRNA-2B improved mouse survival rate, reduced the viral tissues titers and attenuated tissue damage compared with those of the shRNA-NC treated control group. Lenti-2B displayed more effective role in inhibition of viral replication than pGCL-2B in vivo.


Coxsackievirus B3 2B is an effective target of gene silencing against coxsackievirus B3 infection, suggesting that shRNA-2B is a potential agent for further development into a treatment for enterviral diseases.

Coxsackievirus; Myocarditis; shRNA; Lentivirus vector