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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae in adolescents with community-acquired pneumonia

Naoyuki Miyashita1*, Yasuhiro Kawai2, Hiroto Akaike2, Kazunobu Ouchi2, Toshikiyo Hayashi1, Takeyuki Kurihara1, Niro Okimoto1 and the Atypical Pathogen Study Group

Author affiliations

1 Department of Internal Medicine I, Kawasaki Medical School, 2-1-80 Nakasange, Kita-ku, Okayama, 700-8505, Japan

2 Department of Pediatrics, Kawasaki Medical School, 577 Matsushima, Kurashiki, 701-0192, Japan

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Citation and License

BMC Infectious Diseases 2012, 12:126  doi:10.1186/1471-2334-12-126

Published: 31 May 2012

Abstract

Background

Although the prevalence of macrolide-resistant Mycoplasma pneumoniae isolates in Japanese pediatric patients has increased rapidly, there have been no reports concerning macrolide-resistant M. pneumoniae infection in adolescents aged 16 to 19 years old. The purpose of this study was to clarify the prevalence and clinical characteristics of macrolide-resistant M. pneumoniae in adolescent patients with community-acquired pneumonia.

Methods

A total of 99 cases with M. pneumoniae pneumonia confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and culture were analyzed. Forty-five cases were pediatric patients less than 16 years old, 26 cases were 16 to 19-year-old adolescent patients and 28 cases were adult patients. Primers for domain V of 23S rRNA were used and DNA sequences of the PCR products were compared with the sequence of an M. pneumoniae reference strain.

Results

Thirty of 45 pediatric patients (66%), 12 of 26 adolescent patients (46%) and seven of 28 adult patients (25%) with M. pneumoniae pneumonia were found to be infected with macrolide-resistant M. pneumoniae (MR patients). Although the prevalence of resistant strains was similar in pediatric patients between 2008 and 2011, an increase in the prevalence of resistant strains was observed in adolescent patients. Among 30 pediatric MR patients, 26 had an A-to-G transition at position 2063 (A2063G) and four had an A-to-G transition at position 2064 (A2064G). In 12 adolescent MR patients, 10 showed an A2063G transition and two showed an A2064G transition, and in seven adult MR patients, six showed an A2063G transition and one showed an A2064G transition.

Conclusions

The prevalence of macrolide-resistant M. pneumoniae is high among adolescent patients as well as pediatric patients less than 16-years old. To prevent outbreaks of M. pneumoniae infection, especially macrolide-resistant M. pneumoniae, in closed populations including among families, in schools and in university students, physicians should pay close attention to macrolide-resistant M. pneumoniae.

Keywords:
Mycoplasma pneumoniae; Macrolide-resistant; Community-acquired pneumonia; 23S rRNA