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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Healthcare-associated pneumonia among hospitalized patients in a Korean tertiary hospital

Ji Ye Jung, Moo Suk Park, Young Sam Kim, Byung Hoon Park, Se Kyu Kim, Joon Chang and Young Ae Kang*

Author Affiliations

Division of Pulmonology and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Institute of Chest Disease, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea

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BMC Infectious Diseases 2011, 11:61  doi:10.1186/1471-2334-11-61

Published: 11 March 2011

Abstract

Background

Healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP) has more similarities to nosocomial pneumonia than to community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). However, there have only been a few epidemiological studies of HCAP in South Korea. We aimed to determine the differences between HCAP and CAP in terms of clinical features, pathogens, and outcomes, and to clarify approaches for initial antibiotic management.

Methods

We conducted a retrospective, observational study of 527 patients with HCAP or CAP who were hospitalized at Severance Hospital in South Korea between January and December 2008.

Results

Of these patients, 231 (43.8%) had HCAP, and 296 (56.2%) had CAP. Potentially drug-resistant (PDR) bacteria were more frequently isolated in HCAP than CAP (12.6% vs. 4.7%; P = 0.001), especially in the low-risk group of the PSI classes (41.2% vs. 13.9%; P = 0.027). In-hospital mortality was higher for HCAP than CAP patients (28.1% vs. 10.8%, P < 0.001), especially in the low-risk group of PSI classes (16.4% vs. 3.1%; P = 0.001). Moreover, tube feeding and prior hospitalization with antibiotic treatment within 90 days of pneumonia onset were significant risk factors for PDR pathogens, with odds ratios of 14.94 (95% CI 4.62-48.31; P < 0.001) and 2.68 (95% CI 1.32-5.46; P = 0.007), respectively.

Conclusions

For HCAP patients with different backgrounds, various pathogens and antibiotic resistance of should be considered, and careful selection of patients requiring broad-spectrum antibiotics is important when physicians start initial antibiotic treatments.