Open Access Case report

Intracardiac left atrial tuberculoma in an eleven-month-old infant: case report

Cantinotti M1, De Gaudio M2, de Martino M2, Assanta N1, Moschetti R1, Veneruso G2, Crocetti M1, Murzi B1, Chiappini E2 and Galli L2*

Author Affiliations

1 G. Monasterio Tuscan Foundation, Heart Hospital, National Research Institute, Massa, Italy

2 Department of Sciences for Woman and Child's Health, University of Florence, Anna Meyer Children's University Hospital, Florence, Italy

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BMC Infectious Diseases 2011, 11:359  doi:10.1186/1471-2334-11-359

Published: 30 December 2011

Abstract

Background

Cardiac tuberculosis is rare and usually manifests as tuberculous pericarditis. Involvement of other part of the heart is unusual and descriptions in the pediatric literature are confined to few case reports regarding mainly myocardial tuberculosis.

Case presentation

We describe a case of pulmonary miliary tuberculosis associated with intracardiac left atrial tuberculoma in an immunocompetent eleven-month-old infant successfully treated with surgery and antituberculous therapy.

Conclusion

Although unusual, involvement of endocardium in disseminated tuberculosis should be kept in mind.