Table 2

Associations between self-reported symptoms and infection with Chlamydia trachomatis or Mycoplasma genitalium (MG).

Symptoms in last month

Chlamydia % (95% CIa) (n/no. women)

UORb

(95% CI)

AORc

(95% CI)

MG % (95% CI)

(n/no. women)

UOR

(95% CI)

AOR

(95% CI)


Abnormal discharge

No

4.6 (2.9, 7.2) (40/840)

1.0

1.0

1.8 (1.1, 2.8) (15/836)

1.0

1.0

Yes

4.8 (2.9, 7.8) (12/249)

1.0 (0.6, 1.7)

0.9 (0.6, 1.5)

4.0 (1.8, 6.2) (10/248)

2.3 (1.2, 4.6)

2.1 (1.1, 4.0)

Abnormal vaginal odour

No

4.3 (2.8, 6.5) (40/902)

1.0

1.0

2.0 (1.3, 3.2) (18/898)

1.0

1.0

Yes

6.4 (3.0, 13.4) (12/187)

1.5 (0.7, 3.3)

1.4 (0.6, 3.1)

3.8 (1.7, 8.0) (7/186)

1.8 (0.7, 4.5)

1.7 (0.7, 4.2)

Burning when passing urine

No

4.3 (2.7, 6.6) (39/888)

1.0

1.0

2.3 (1.6, 3.3) (20/883)

1.0

1.0

Yes

6.5 (3.6, 11.4) (13/201)

1.5 (0.9, 2.8)

1.5 (0.8, 2.6)

2.5 (1.2, 5.3) (5/201)

1.0 (0.5, 2.2)

1.0 (0.5, 2.1)

Abdominal pain

No

4.6 (3.0, 6.9) (36/770)

1.0

1.0

2.0 (1.2, 3.1) (15/762)

1.0

1.0

Yes

5.0 (2.8, 8.8) (16/319)

1.1 (0.7, 1.8)

1.1 (0.6, 1.8)

3.1 (1.8, 5.4) (10/318)

1.6 (0.8, 3.4)

1.6 (0.7, 3.3)

Dyspareunia

No

5.1 (3.2, 7.9) (45/849)

1.0

1.0

2.1 (1.4, 3.1) (18/860)

1.0

1.0

Yes

3.2 (1.5, 6.8) (7/220)

0.6 (0.3, 1.4)

0.6 (0.2, 1.4)

3.2 (1.6, 6.3) (7/220)

1.5 (0.7, 3.3)

1.5 (0.7, 3.1)

Intramenstrual bleeding

No

4.8 (3.2, 7.3) (43/874)

1.0

1.0

2.0 (1.3, 3.0) (17/865)

1.0

1.0

Yes

4.2 (2.3, 7.5) (9/215)

0.9 (0.5, 1.4)

0.8 (0.5, 1.3)

3.7 (1.8, 7.4) (8/215)

1.9 (0.8, 4.6)

1.8 (0.7, 4.4)

Number of symptoms:

0

4.1 (2.6, 6.4) (19/461)

1.0

1.0

1.3 (0.6, 2.6) (6/456)

1.0

1.0

1

5.0 (2.7, 9.0) (11/222)

1.2 (0.7, 2.2)

1.1 (0.6, 2.1)

2.7 (1.4, 5.2) (6/222)

2.1 (0.8, 5.6)

2.0 (0.8, 5.2)

2

6.4 (3.2, 12.2) (13/204)

1.6 (0.8, 3.2)

1.5 (0.7, 3.0)

2.5 (0.1, 5.9) (5/204)

1.9 (0.5, 7.0)

1.8 (0.5, 6.4)

3

5.3 (2.4, 11.2) (5/95)

1.3 (0.5, 3.4)

1.2 (0.5, 3.1)

4.3xi (1.7, 9.9) (4/94)

3.3 (0.9, 12.1)

3.1 (0.8, 11.2)

4

4.6 (1.6, 12.8) (3/65)

1.1 (0.5, 2.8)

1.1 (0.4, 2.7)

1.5 (0.2, 10.8) (1/65)

1.2 (0.1, 10.9)

1.1 (0.1, 10.1)

5

3.3 (0.5, 20.8) (1/30)

0.8 (0.1, 6.4)

0.7 (0.1, 4.9)

10.0 (3.3, 26.5) (3/30)

8.3 (2.1, 32.5)

7.0 (1.9, 25.5)

6

0.0 (0/11)

0.0 (0/11)


a CI: confidence interval. bUnadjusted odds ratio. cAdjusted Odd Ratio: Adjusted for clinic type the participants were recruited from.

Walker et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:35   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-11-35

Open Data