Table 3

Odds Ratios (ORs) and 95% Confidence Intervals (CIs) for Associations of various Risk Factors for Endocarditis and In-hospital Mortality among HIV Patients with Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia (n = 131)

Endocarditis

In-hospital Mortality


Characteristic

OR (95% CI)

OR (95% CI)


CA-MRSA

2.73 (1.30, 5.71)

2.93 (0.78, 10.96)


Age

0.98 (0.94, 1.03)

1.08 (0.99, 1.17)


Male Sex

0.46 (0.22, 0.94)

0.35 (0.10, 1.33)


Receiving ART

0.67 (0.31, 1.42)

*


APACHE II ≥11

1.71 (0.85, 3.42)

**


CD4 <200 cells/mm3

2.01 (0.87, 4.62)

0.47 (0.08, 2.91)


Hepatitis C

1.23 (0.60, 2.50)

0.57 (0.16, 2.08)


Hypertension

0.92 (0.40, 2.12)

0.91 (0.18, 4.57)


Intravenous Drug Use

1.79 (0.90, 3.59)

1.58 (0.42, 5.87)


End-stage Renal Disease

1.23 (0.48, 3.12)

0.56 (0.07, 4.68)


Note: CA-MRSA: community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, ART: antiretroviral therapy, APACHE: Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation score

*Could not be calculated because no patients receiving ART died.

**Could not be calculated because no patients with APACHE <11 died.

Furuno et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:298   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-11-298

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