Table 1

Survey participants' characteristics, by self-reported circumcision status

Men aged 22 and over

Self-reported circumcised

Self-reported uncircumcised

P-value2


Sample size

234

374


Background Characteristics


Age

Mean (median)

29.1 (26)

29.9 (28)

0.07

IQR

24-33

24-34

Ethnic group (%)

Sotho

32.9

27.8

Zulu

34.6

50.8

<0.001

Other

32.5

21.4

Religion (%)

Christian

36.3

35.3

0.09

No religion

44.0

51.1

Other

19.7

13.6

Education (%)

Grade 12 completed

28.6

27.0

0.71

Occupation (%)

Employed

57.7

58.6

Unemployed

28.6

31.0

Scholar or student

4.3

4.0

0.57

Other

9.4

6.4

Marital status (%)

Ever married

36.5

31.8

0.31

Committed to someone

46.8

47.1

Single

16.7

21.1

Initiation school attendance (%)

42.5

3.5

<0.001


Reported sexual behavior


Ever had sexual intercourse (%)

99.6

98.7

0.41

Age at first sexual intercourse (year)

Mean (median)

16.1 (16)

16.7 (16)

0.02

IQR

14.0-17.0

15.0-18.0

Number of lifetime sexual partners1

Mean (median)

16.2 (10)

13.8 (8)

0.19

IQR

5-20

4-15

Number of sexual partners in the past 12 months1

Mean (median)

2.8 (2)

2.5 (2)

0.04

IQR

1.0-3.0

1.0-3.0

Ever used a condom1 (%)

90.1

86.2

0.16

Consistent condom use in the past 12 months, with non-spousal partners (%)

26.6

34.5

0.08


Attitudes towards HIV


Perceived risk of HIV infection (%)

No or small risk

48.7

43.2

0.36

Average or high risk

32.5

37.5

No opinion

18.8

19.3

Aware of HIV status (%)

42.3

32.9

0.02


Sexually transmitted infections


HIV-positive

15.0

25.1

0.003

HSV-2 positive

30.8

35.6

0.25


HSV-2: Herpes Simplex Virus 2

1 Among those having had sexual intercourse

2 P-values were obtained when comparing self-reported uncircumcised men and self-reported circumcised men using Kruskal-Wallis, Pearson's Chi square, Fisher's exact or log-rank test, as applicable

Lissouba et al. BMC Infectious Diseases 2011 11:253   doi:10.1186/1471-2334-11-253

Open Data