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Open Access Case report

Corynebacterium mucifaciens in an immunocompetent patient with cavitary pneumonia

Félix Djossou1, Marie-Christine Bézian2, Daniel Moynet3, Anne Le Flèche-Matéos4 and Denis Malvy14*

Author Affiliations

1 Division of Tropical Medicine and Imported Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine and Tropical Diseases, Hôpital St-André, University Hospital Center, 1 rue Jean-Burguet, Bordeaux, F-33075, France

2 Department of Bacteriology, University Hospital Center, Bordeaux, F-33075, France

3 Post-graduation sector in tropical medicine, University Victor Segalen Bordeaux2, 146 rue Léo-Saignat, Bordeaux, F-33074, France

4 Laboratory for Urgent Response to Biological Threats, Institut Pasteur, 25 rue du Docteur-Roux, Paris Cedex 15, F-75724, France

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BMC Infectious Diseases 2010, 10:355  doi:10.1186/1471-2334-10-355

Published: 17 December 2010

Abstract

Background

Corynebacterium mucifaciens has been mainly isolated from skin, blood and from other normally-sterile body fluids. It has rarely been described as a human pathogen since its description.

Case presentation

We herein report the first case of cavitary pneumonia due to C. mucifaciens in an immunocompetent man returning from Maghreb.

Conclusion

C. mucifaciens should be considered as important human pathogen in patients with severe illness and compatible history of exposure even in individuals with no clearly identified immunosuppression.